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Financial Distress and US Airline Fares

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  • Christian Hofer
  • Martin Dresner
  • Robert Windle

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of firm financial distress and bankruptcy on an airline's pricing behaviour. Three theoretical rationales are set forth: the supply-side rationale suggests that the bankrupt firm's lower operating costs may result in lower prices; from a demand perspective, distressed firms' prices may be lowered in response to reduced consumer demand; and the strategic rationale then suggests that distressed firms may reduce prices and sell off inventory to generate cash for long-term survival. The hypotheses are tested by estimating price and output equations with data from the US airline industry. The results provide support for the supply-side and demand-side rationales and confirm the general contention that distressed carriers' fares are lower, all other things being equal. © 2005 LSE and the University of Bath

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Hofer & Martin Dresner & Robert Windle, 2005. "Financial Distress and US Airline Fares," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 39(3), pages 323-340, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpe:jtecpo:v:39:y:2005:i:3:p:323-340
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Baer, Christopher T. & Klein, Daniel B. & Majewski, John, 1992. "From Trunk to Branch: Toll Roads in New York, 1800-1860," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9pv183b2, University of California Transportation Center.
    2. David M. Levinson, 2002. "Financing Transportation Networks," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2308, April.
    3. Fielding, Gordon J. & Klein, Daniel B., 1993. "How To Franchise Highways," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt79z9x6fs, University of California Transportation Center.
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    Cited by:

    1. Adler, Nicole & Mantin, Benny, 2015. "Government and company contracts: The effect on service and prices in international airline markets," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 166-177.
    2. Wang, Zuozheng & Hofer, Christian & Dresner, Martin E., 2013. "Financial condition, safety investment and accident propensity in the US airline industry: A structural analysis," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 24-32.
    3. Dresner, Martin & Eroglu, Cuneyt & Hofer, Christian & Mendez, Fabio & Tan, Kerry, 2015. "The impact of Gulf carrier competition on U.S. airlines," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 31-41.

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