IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Financial Distress and US Airline Fares


  • Christian Hofer
  • Martin Dresner
  • Robert Windle


This paper examines the impact of firm financial distress and bankruptcy on an airline's pricing behaviour. Three theoretical rationales are set forth: the supply-side rationale suggests that the bankrupt firm's lower operating costs may result in lower prices; from a demand perspective, distressed firms' prices may be lowered in response to reduced consumer demand; and the strategic rationale then suggests that distressed firms may reduce prices and sell off inventory to generate cash for long-term survival. The hypotheses are tested by estimating price and output equations with data from the US airline industry. The results provide support for the supply-side and demand-side rationales and confirm the general contention that distressed carriers' fares are lower, all other things being equal. © 2005 LSE and the University of Bath

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Hofer & Martin Dresner & Robert Windle, 2005. "Financial Distress and US Airline Fares," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, University of Bath, vol. 39(3), pages 323-340, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:tpe:jtecpo:v:39:y:2005:i:3:p:323-340

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:;1-
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Dresner, Martin & Eroglu, Cuneyt & Hofer, Christian & Mendez, Fabio & Tan, Kerry, 2015. "The impact of Gulf carrier competition on U.S. airlines," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 31-41.
    2. Adler, Nicole & Mantin, Benny, 2015. "Government and company contracts: The effect on service and prices in international airline markets," Economics of Transportation, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 166-177.
    3. Wang, Zuozheng & Hofer, Christian & Dresner, Martin E., 2013. "Financial condition, safety investment and accident propensity in the US airline industry: A structural analysis," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 24-32.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tpe:jtecpo:v:39:y:2005:i:3:p:323-340. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christopher F. Baum). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.