IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Bank Branch Location: a Count Analysis

Listed author(s):
  • Charles Okeahalam
Registered author(s):

    Abstract This study undertakes an analysis of the association between socio-economic variables and the spatial distribution of bank branches in South Africa. To analyse retail bank branch location, parametric Poisson, negative binomial, Poisson-hurdle, and finite-mixture count models that accommodate unobserved heterogeneity have been estimated with a data set of bank branches in municipalities in South Africa. The key finding is that aggregate income in a municipal area is a statistically significant determinant of the number of bank branches. The results also suggest that the four core banks tend to cluster their branches in the same areas—suggesting the possibility of oligopolistic collusion. A more recent entrant locates its urban branches slightly away from the cluster and in some areas where the core banks have no presence. In addition, several socio-economic variables, some of which are unique to South Africa, do not appear to affect branch location. Situation des filiales de banques: une analyse à comptage RÉSUMÉ La présente étude entreprend une analyse de l'association entre des variables socio-économiques et la répartition de filiales de banques en République Sud Africaine. Pour analyser l'emplacement des filiales du secteur de la banque de détail, on a évalué des modèles de comptage de Poisson, de probabilités binomiales négatives, au taux étalon de Poisson, et aux mélanges finis, qui tiennent compte de l'hétérogénéité non observée au moyen d'un ensemble de données de filiales de banques dans des municipalités en Afrique du Sud. La principale conclusion est que le revenu total dans une zone municipale est un déterminant significatif statistiquement du nombre de filiales de banques. Les résultats semblent également indiquer que les quatre principales banques ont tendance à grouper leurs filiales dans les mêmes régions, ce qui semblerait indiquer la possibilité d'une collusion oligopolistique. Une banque arrivée plus récemment a réparti ses filiales légèrement hors de ce groupement, où les principales banques ne sont pas représentées. En outre, plusieurs variables socio-économiques, certaines desquelles sont particulières à l'Afrique du Sud, ne semblent pas affecter l'emplacement des filiales. Ubicación de sucursales bancarias: un análisis de recuento RÉSUMÉN Este estudio realiza un análisis de la asociación entre las variables socioeconómicas y la distribución espacial de sucursales bancarias en Sudáfrica. Para analizar la ubicación de sucursales de bancos minoristas, se han estimado modelos de recuento como el paramétrico de Poisson, binomial negativo, Poisson-hurdle (modelo en dos partes) y mezcla finita, que conllevan una heterogeneidad inadvertida, con un conjunto de datos de sucursales bancarias de municipalidades de Sudáfrica. El descubrimiento clave consiste en que los ingresos agregados en un área municipal representan un determinante estadísticamente significativo del número de sucursales bancarias. Los resultados también sugieren que los cuatro bancos principales tienden a agrupar sus sucursales en las mismas áreas, indicando la posibilidad de una colusión oligopolística. Un participante más reciente sitúa sus sucursales urbanas algo más alejadas del grupo, y en algunas áreas donde los bancos principales no están presentes. Asimismo, ciertas variables socioeconómicas, algunas de las cuales son exclusivas de Sudáfrica, no parecen afectar a la ubicación de la sucursal.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version under "Related research" (further below) or search for a different version of it.

    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Spatial Economic Analysis.

    Volume (Year): 4 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 275-300

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:3:p:275-300
    DOI: 10.1080/17421770903114695
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    Order Information: Web:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:specan:v:4:y:2009:i:3:p:275-300. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.