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Race, Gender and Regional Labor Market Inequalities in Brazil


  • Peggy Lovell


This study investigates the relationship between unequal regional development and racial and gender wage inequality in Brazil. Using sample data from the 1991 Brazilian census, I estimated monthly wages for a white, brown and black women and men working in the states of S"o Paulo and Bahia. The findings suggest that while women and Afro-Brazilians in Brazil's most developed region of S"o Paulo had the advantages of higher levels of state sponsored work benefits and more equitable occupational and wage distribution, they nevertheless experienced the greatest discrimination. In contrast, the less developed state of Bahia where racial and gender gaps in education, occupation and wages were the most severe, wage discrimination was lowest.

Suggested Citation

  • Peggy Lovell, 2000. "Race, Gender and Regional Labor Market Inequalities in Brazil," Review of Social Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 58(3), pages 277-293.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:rsocec:v:58:y:2000:i:3:p:277-293
    DOI: 10.1080/00346760050132337

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    Cited by:

    1. Agier, Isabelle & Szafarz, Ariane, 2013. "Microfinance and Gender: Is There a Glass Ceiling on Loan Size?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 165-181.
    2. Rodrigo De-Losso & Joelson Oliveira Sampaio, Luciana Gross Cunha, 2015. "Trust in the Judicial System: Evidence from Brazil," Working Papers, Department of Economics 2015_18, University of São Paulo (FEA-USP).
    3. Paola Salardi, 2016. "The Evolution of Gender and Racial Occupational Segregation Across Formal and Non‐Formal Labor Markets in Brazil, 1987 to 2006," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 62(S1), pages 68-89, August.
    4. repec:spa:wpaper:2014wpecon7 is not listed on IDEAS


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