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Innovation, Regions and Proximity: From Neo-Regionalism to Spatial Analysis

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  • Richard Shearmur
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    Shearmur R. Innovation, regions and proximity: from neo-regionalism to spatial analysis, Regional Studies . There have recently been questions regarding how geographic proximity should be conceptualized in the study of regional innovation. This stems partly from different meanings of the term ‘innovation’ (incremental product and process innovation in this paper) and partly from the way space is usually conceptualized: regions are conceived as bounded territories with particular attributes (neo-regionalism). Drawing upon spatial analytical concepts, it is suggested in this paper that an alternative to neo-regionalism is to view space as a continuous field of opportunities, with accessibility to factors of innovation playing a key role for local innovativeness. An analysis of Québec innovation data corroborates this approach. Shearmur R. Innovation, regions et proximité: du néorégionalisme à l'analyse spatiale, Regional Studies . La conceptualisation de la notion de proximité géographique dans les études sur l'innovation soulève actuellement des débats. Ces débats reposent en partie sur les différentes acceptions du terme innovation (dans cet article il s'agit d'innovations incrémentales de produits et de procédés), en partie sur la manière dont on appréhende l'espace: en général, celui-ci est conçu comme constitué de territoires délimités, chacun doté de caractéristiques particulières. En s'inspirant de notions d'analyse spatiale, cet article propose une manière alternative d'introduire l'espace dans les études d'innovation, c'est-à-dire de le considérer comme un champ continu de possibilités. Dans ce cadre, c'est l'accessibilité relative aux facteurs d'innovation qui serait la clé de l'innovation locale. Des résultats empiriques portant sur le Québec corroborent cette idée. Systèmes d'innovation Analyse spatiale Néorégionalisme Québec Géographie Ind ustrie Shearmur R. Innovation, Regionen und Nähe: vom Neoregionalismus zur Raumanalyse, Regional Studies . In letzter Zeit wurde die Frage laut, wie geografische Nähe bei der Untersuchung regionaler Innovation konzeptualisiert werden sollte. Der Ursprung dieser Frage liegt zum Teil in den verschiedenen Bedeutungen des Begriffs der ‘Innovation’ begründet (in diesem Beitrag eine gesteigerte Produkt- und Prozessinnovation) und zum Teil in der Art, in der der Raum gewöhnlich konzeptualisiert wird: Regionen werden als abgegrenzte Gebiete mit bestimmten Merkmalen aufgefasst (Neoregionalismus). Ausgehend von räumlichen Analysekonzepten wird in diesem Beitrag als Alternative zum Neoregionalismus vorgeschlagen, den Raum als kontinuierliches Feld von Gelegenheiten zu betrachten, wobei die Verfügbarkeit von Innovationsfaktoren für die Innovationsfähigkeit vor Ort eine zentrale Rolle spielt. Bei einer Analyse der Innovationsdaten von Quebec bestätigt sich dieser Ansatz. Innovationssysteme Raumanalyse Neoregionalismus Quebe c Geografie Produktion Shearmur R. Innovación, regiones y proximidad: del neorregionalismo al análisis espacial, Regional Studies . Recientemente se ha cuestionado cómo debería ser conceptualizada la proximidad geográfica en el estudio de la innovación regional. El origen de esta pregunta radica en parte en los diferentes significados del término ‘innovación’ (en este artículo, innovación incremental de productos y procesos) y en parte en cómo se suele conceptualizar el espacio: las regiones se conciben como territorios limitados con características particulares (neorregionalismo). Basándonos en conceptos analíticos espaciales, en este artículo sugerimos que una alternativa al neorregionalismo es considerar el espacio como un campo continuo de oportunidades en el que la capacidad de acceder a factores de innovación desempeña un papel fundamental para la capacidad innovadora a nivel local. Un análisis de los datos de innovación en Quebec corrobora este planteamiento. Sistemas de innovación Análisis espacial Neorregionalismo Quebec Geografía Fab ricación

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    Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

    Volume (Year): 45 (2011)
    Issue (Month): 9 (February)
    Pages: 1225-1243

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    Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:9:p:1225-1243
    DOI: 10.1080/00343404.2010.484416
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