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Export diversification and real exchange rate in emerging Latin America and Asia: A South–North vs. South-South decomposition


  • Thi Anh-Dao Tran
  • Minh Hong Phi
  • Diadié Diaw


The present paper examines the directional causality between export diversification and real exchange rate in the middle-income countries of Asia and Latin America over the period from 1995 to 2013. Additionally, we investigate asymmetries in the causality issue by examining the direction across trading partners.Our empirical results show that there is a two-way causality between the two variables when we look at the sample as a whole. A causal link running from the real exchange rate to export diversification is consistent with the standard literature but it is not systematic at all. The reverse causation is very appealing and challenges the standard argument on exchange rate determination. When the causality issue is investigated by treating export markets differently, our findings at the aggregate level are confirmed in exports destined for the advanced countries. The analysis for ‘South-South’ trade only shows a unidirectional link from the real exchange rate to changes in export diversification. The same tests performed at the individual countries level reveal a heterogeneous causality across trading partners.

Suggested Citation

  • Thi Anh-Dao Tran & Minh Hong Phi & Diadié Diaw, 2017. "Export diversification and real exchange rate in emerging Latin America and Asia: A South–North vs. South-South decomposition," The Journal of International Trade & Economic Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(6), pages 649-676, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jitecd:v:26:y:2017:i:6:p:649-676
    DOI: 10.1080/09638199.2017.1286680

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