Efficiency of liability rules: A reconsideration
In the mainstream of law and economics the notion of negligence is defined as the failure to take at least the legally specified due care level. In the standard tort model, with this notion of negligence, the efficient liability rules are characterized by the condition of negligence liability, which requires that if one party is negligent and the other non-negligent then the entire accident loss must be borne by the negligent party. This paper is concerned with the question of efficiency of liability rules when the notion of negligence is defined as failure to take some cost-justified precaution. The main result of the paper shows that there does not exist any liability rule which is efficient when negligence is identified by the existence of some cost-justified untaken precaution.
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Volume (Year): 15 (2006)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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- Miceli, Thomas J., 1996. "Cause in fact, proximate cause, and the hand rule: Extending Grady's positive economic theory of negligence," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(4), pages 473-482, December.
- Steven Shavell, 2003.
"Economic Analysis of Accident Law,"
NBER Working Papers
9483, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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