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Environmental justice in France? A spatio-temporal analysis of incinerator location


  • Lucie Laurian
  • Richard Funderburg


The concept of Environmental Justice (EJ) refers to social inequities in the distribution of environmental risks. This paper presents the first European spatio-temporal EJ analysis, focusing on the location of 107 waste incinerators in France since the 1960s to assess potential biases in siting decisions. It uses a spatial econometric analysis that accounts for vulnerable populations at the time unwanted land uses were sited. We find that, after controlling for a town's socio-economic characteristics and the opportunity costs represented by the demand of its neighbours, each additional 1% of a town's population that is foreign-born increased the odds that the town received an incinerator by 29%. Disproportionate siting near concentrations of immigrants thus generates environmental injustice in France.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucie Laurian & Richard Funderburg, 2014. "Environmental justice in France? A spatio-temporal analysis of incinerator location," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 57(3), pages 424-446, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:57:y:2014:i:3:p:424-446
    DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2012.749395

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    Cited by:

    1. Yuichi Ishimura & Kenji Takeuchi, 2017. "Does conflict matter? Spatial distribution of disposal sites in Japan," Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, Springer;Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies - SEEPS, vol. 19(1), pages 99-120, January.
    2. Maarten Loopmans & Linde Smits & Anneleen Kenis, 2022. "Rethinking environmental justice: capability building, public knowledge and the struggle against traffic-related air pollution," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 40(3), pages 705-723, May.
    3. Camille Salesse, 2022. "Inequality in exposure to air pollution in France: bringing pollutant cocktails into the picture," CEE-M Working Papers hal-03882438, CEE-M, Universtiy of Montpellier, CNRS, INRA, Montpellier SupAgro.
    4. Ishimura, Yuichi & Takeuchi, Kenji, 2019. "The spatial concentration of waste landfill sites in Japan," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 58(C).
    5. Davide, Di Fonzo & Alessandra, Fabri & Roberto, Pasetto, 2022. "Distributive justice in environmental health hazards from industrial contamination: A systematic review of national and near-national assessments of social inequalities," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 297(C).
    6. Chenjing Fan & Wei Ouyang & Li Tian & Yan Song & Wensheng Miao, 2019. "Elderly Health Inequality in China and its Determinants: A Geographical Perspective," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(16), pages 1-18, August.
    7. Roberto Pasetto & Benedetta Mattioli & Daniela Marsili, 2019. "Environmental Justice in Industrially Contaminated Sites. A Review of Scientific Evidence in the WHO European Region," IJERPH, MDPI, vol. 16(6), pages 1-20, March.
    8. Yuichi Ishimura & Kenji Takeuchi, 2015. "Spatial Distribution of Disposal SitesĀ¦ Empirical Evidence from Japan," Discussion Papers 1523, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    9. Bez, Charlotte S. & Ash, Michael & Boyce, James K., 2024. "Environmental inequality in industrial brownfields: Evidence from French municipalities," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 217(C).
    10. Yuichi Ishimura & Kenji Takeuchi, 2018. "Where Did Our NIMBY Go? The Spatial Concentration of Waste Landfill Sites in Japan," Discussion Papers 1818, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.

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