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LCA of the South African sugar industry


  • Livison Mashoko
  • Charles Mbohwa
  • Valerie Thomas


A life cycle assessment of sugar produced in South Africa evaluates the environmental impacts and energy consumption of the different life cycle phases of sugar production. The system studied includes sugar cane farming, fertiliser and herbicide manufacture, cane burning, sugar cane transportation and sugar manufacture. Inventory and impact assessment results show that non-renewable energy consumption is 5350 MJ per tonne of raw sugar produced and 40% of this is from fertiliser and herbicide manufacture. Reduction in the use or impact of fertiliser for cane farming could bring considerable savings in terms of fossil energy consumption and a reduction in greenhouse gas emissions.

Suggested Citation

  • Livison Mashoko & Charles Mbohwa & Valerie Thomas, 2010. "LCA of the South African sugar industry," Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(6), pages 793-807.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jenpmg:v:53:y:2010:i:6:p:793-807
    DOI: 10.1080/09640568.2010.488120

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    Cited by:

    1. Chauhan, Manish Kumar & Varun & Chaudhary, Sachin & Kumar, Suneel & Samar, 2011. "Life cycle assessment of sugar industry: A review," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 15(7), pages 3445-3453, September.

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    sugar; energy; farming; greenhouse gas; environmental;


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