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Social Capital and Hygiene Practices among the Extreme Poor in Rural Bangladesh


  • Rejaul K. Bakshi
  • Debdulal Mallick
  • Mehmet A. Ulubasoğlu


We investigate the effect of social capital on hygiene practices pertaining to lives of the extreme poor in rural Bangladesh. Analysing a unique survey dataset for 5,600 extreme poor households, we document a significant positive effect of social capital on sanitary latrine use and wearing shoes/sandals at home for hygiene. We account for the endogeneity of social capital by instrumental variable estimation. Our findings emphasise the role of social capital in preventing common diseases through improving hygiene practices for the extreme poor, who usually lack access to medical services in the event of illness, which has important policy implications.

Suggested Citation

  • Rejaul K. Bakshi & Debdulal Mallick & Mehmet A. Ulubasoğlu, 2015. "Social Capital and Hygiene Practices among the Extreme Poor in Rural Bangladesh," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 51(12), pages 1603-1618, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:51:y:2015:i:12:p:1603-1618
    DOI: 10.1080/00220388.2015.1068291

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    Cited by:

    1. Barrington, D.J. & Sridharan, S. & Saunders, S.G. & Souter, R.T. & Bartram, J. & Shields, K.F. & Meo, S. & Kearton, A. & Hughes, R.K., 2016. "Improving community health through marketing exchanges: A participatory action research study on water, sanitation, and hygiene in three Melanesian countries," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 171(C), pages 84-93.
    2. repec:spr:empeco:v:57:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s00181-018-1438-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Rejaul K. Bakshi & Debdulal Mallick & Mehmet A. Ulubaşoğlu, 2019. "Social capital as a coping mechanism for seasonal deprivation: the case of the Monga in Bangladesh," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 57(1), pages 239-262, July.

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