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Some Alternative Estimates of Underground Economies in 12 New EU Member States

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  • Claudio Quintano
  • Paolo Mazzocchi

Abstract

This paper investigates alternative estimates of the Non-Observed Economy (NOE) for 12 new European Union (EU) Member Countries during the transition period by an exploration of the reliability of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) figures. The authors analyze several methodologies applied in various countries performing the Eurostat (2005) Pilot Projects on the Exhaustiveness (PPE); having in mind the different methods of measuring the shadow economy, the authors examine the relationship between selected economic aggregates to estimate the size and growth of the unrecorded sector using the Latent Variable Method to validate - as far as available - the official data, and to quantify the NOE phenomenon. The empirical results obtained by using this different estimation method do not reveal the same convergence as the national statistical offices have shown. These experiences include, to various degrees, the lack of coverage being dependent on the different types of underground economic activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Claudio Quintano & Paolo Mazzocchi, 2010. "Some Alternative Estimates of Underground Economies in 12 New EU Member States," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(4), pages 611-628.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:24:y:2010:i:4:p:611-628
    DOI: 10.1080/10168737.2010.526007
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Hans-Georg Petersen & Ulrich Thiessen, 2010. "Editors' Introduction: Shadow Economy in High Income Countries - Much Ado about Nothing?," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(4), pages 413-419.
    2. Quintano, Claudio & Mazzocchi, Paolo, 2013. "The shadow economy beyond European public governance," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 37(4), pages 650-670.
    3. Tomas Lichard & Jan Hanousek & Randall K. Filer, 2012. "Measuring the Shadow Economy: Endogenous Switching Regression with Unobserved Separation," Economics Working Paper Archive at Hunter College 438, Hunter College Department of Economics.
    4. Claudio Quintano & Paolo Mazzocchi, 2018. "Behind the GDP: some remarks on the shadow economy in Mediterranean countries," European Journal of Law and Economics, Springer, vol. 45(1), pages 147-173, February.
    5. Afonso, Oscar & Neves, Pedro Cunha & Pinto, Tiago, 2020. "The non-observed economy and economic growth: A meta-analysis," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 44(1).
    6. Schneider, Friedrich, 2017. "Restricting or Abolishing Cash: An Effective Instrument for Fighting the Shadow Economy, Crime and Terrorism?," International Cash Conference 2017 – War on Cash: Is there a Future for Cash? 162914, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    7. Friedrich Schneider, 2017. "Implausible Large Differences in the Sizes of Underground Economies in Highly Developed European Countries? A Comparison of Different Estimation Methods," CESifo Working Paper Series 6522, CESifo.

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