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“You are not excused from cooking”: Peasants and the gender division of labor in Pakistan


  • A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi


This paper provides quantitative evidence of a gender division of labor within the households of four peasant classes living in two villages in the North-West Frontier Province of Pakistan. The gender division of labor results in a disproportionate share of total household work being performed by women. Further, the paper demonstrates that an improvement in the economic status of households leads to increased work demands being placed upon women. The gender division of labor is an explicit function of the dominant ideology of the area. However, such dominance does not go uncontested.

Suggested Citation

  • A. Haroon Akram-Lodhi, 1996. "“You are not excused from cooking”: Peasants and the gender division of labor in Pakistan," Feminist Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(2), pages 87-105.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:femeco:v:2:y:1996:i:2:p:87-105 DOI: 10.1080/13545709610001707666

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    Cited by:

    1. Tasnim Khan & Rana Ejaz Ali Khan, 2009. "Urban Informal Sector: How Much Women Are Struggling for Family Survival," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 48(1), pages 67-95.
    2. Nitya Rao, 2006. "Women’s Right To Land, Assets, And Other Productive Resources: Its Impact On Gender Relations And Increased Productivity," Working Papers id:767, eSocialSciences.
    3. Siegmann, K.A. & Majid, H., 2014. "Empowering growth in Pakistan?," ISS Working Papers - General Series 595, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    4. Diksha Arora, 2014. "Gender Differences in Time Poverty in Rural Mozambique," Working Paper Series, Department of Economics, University of Utah 2014_05, University of Utah, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Peasants; gender; households; Pakistan; agrarian classes;


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