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Effects of Schumpeterian and Kirznerian entrepreneurship on economic growth: panel data evidence


  • João J. Ferreira
  • Alain Fayolle
  • Cristina Fernandes
  • Mário Raposo


The relevant literature recognises Schumpeterian and Kirznerian entrepreneurship as mechanisms that can impact economic growth. This article seeks to explore the effects of these two types of entrepreneurship on economic growth across the three GEM (Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) economic ecosystems (factor-driven economy, efficiency-driven economy, innovation-driven economy). Using different databases, we applied unbalanced panel data for 43 countries (2009–2013). By estimating the econometric models, we were able to calculate the effects of these two types of entrepreneurship on economic growth in the three different types of economy. In terms of the overall model for GEM economies, neither Schumpeterian nor Kirznerian entrepreneurship return any statistically significant effects on the Global Competitiveness Index or on GDP growth. However, the Total Early-Stage Entrepreneurial Activity variable generates a positive effect on the Global Competitiveness Index. The results presented in this paper provide insights into entrepreneurship and the GEM entrepreneurial economic ecosystems.

Suggested Citation

  • João J. Ferreira & Alain Fayolle & Cristina Fernandes & Mário Raposo, 2017. "Effects of Schumpeterian and Kirznerian entrepreneurship on economic growth: panel data evidence," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(1-2), pages 27-50, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:entreg:v:29:y:2017:i:1-2:p:27-50
    DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2016.1255431

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Wagner, Alfred, 1891. "Marshall's Principles of Economics," History of Economic Thought Articles, McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought, vol. 5, pages 319-338.
    2. Acs, Zoltán J & Audretsch, David B & Evans, David S, 1994. "Why Does the Self-Employment Rate Vary Across Countries and Over Time?," CEPR Discussion Papers 871, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    1. repec:wsi:jdexxx:v:22:y:2017:i:02:n:s1084946717500108 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:prg:jnlcbr:v:2017:y:2017:i:2:id:179:p:42-53 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:eee:wdevel:v:106:y:2018:i:c:p:64-77 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Dhahri, Sabrine & Omri, Anis, 2018. "Entrepreneurship contribution to the three pillars of sustainable development: What does the evidence really say?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 64-77.
    5. repec:eee:jobuve:v:9:y:2018:i:c:p:92-99 is not listed on IDEAS

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