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Trade creation and trade diversion in the EEC, the LAFTA and the CMEA: 1960-1994


  • Masahiro Endoh


In a simplified version of the gravity model, appropriate dummy variables have been introduced to analyse the effects of both trade creation and trade diversion by three economic organizations, the European Economic Community (EEC), the Latin American Free Trade Association (LAFTA) and the Council of Mutual Economic Assistance (CMEA), for the period 1960-94. Five-year intervals are the main subject of measurement. The results show that both trade creation dummies and trade diversion dummies have statistically significant coefficients, which show the appropriateness of this new approach. The trade creation effect and trade diversion effect of each institution are proved to be generally weakening during the 1990s. It is also observed that each Organization has a distinctive international trade character. For Japanese trade, a similar approach is used to analyse nonaligned trade by Japan, with particular interest in the effects of these three institutions on trade with Japan. The result is that there is no strong evidence that the EEC and the LAFTA trade with Japan any more or less than the hypothetical level predicted by basic explanatory variables, while the CMEA increased its trade with Japan up to the hypothetical level during the analysis period.

Suggested Citation

  • Masahiro Endoh, 1999. "Trade creation and trade diversion in the EEC, the LAFTA and the CMEA: 1960-1994," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(2), pages 207-216.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:31:y:1999:i:2:p:207-216
    DOI: 10.1080/000368499324435

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Jérôme Trotignon, 2009. "L'intégration régionale favorise-t-elle la multilatéralisation des échanges ?," Post-Print halshs-00335633, HAL.
    2. Bounlert Vanhnalat & Phouphet Kyophilavong & Alay Phonvisay & Bouason Sengsourivong, 2015. "Assessment the Effect of Free Trade Agreements on Exports of Lao PDR," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 365-376.
    3. Hayakawa, Kazunobu & Hiratsuka, Daisuke & Shiino, Kohei & Sukegawa, Seiya, 2009. "Who Uses FTAs?," IDE Discussion Papers 207, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    4. Sandberg, H. Mikael, 2004. "The Impact Of Historical And Regional Linkages On Free Trade In The Americas: A Gravity Model Analysis Across Sectors," 2004 Annual meeting, August 1-4, Denver, CO 20201, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    5. Raú l Serrano & Vicente Pinilla, 2012. "The long-run decline in the share of agricultural and food products in international trade: a gravity equation approach to its causes," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(32), pages 4199-4210, November.
    6. repec:eco:journ1:2017-06-7 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Robert J. R. Elliott & Kengo Ikemoto, 2004. "AFTA and the Asian Crisis: Help or Hindrance to ASEAN Intra-Regional Trade?," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 18(1), pages 1-23, March.
    8. Seck, Abdoulaye & Cissokho, Lassana & Makpayo, Kossi & Haughton, Jonathan, 2010. "How Important Are Non-Tariff Barriers to Agricultural Trade within ECOWAS?," Working Papers 2010-3, Suffolk University, Department of Economics.
    9. Cardamone, Paola, 2007. "A Survey of the Assessments of the Effectiveness of Preferential Trade Agreements using Gravity Models," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 60(4), pages 421-473.
    10. Shanping Yang & Inmaculada Martínez-Zarzoso, 2013. "A Panel Data Analysis of Trade Creation and Trade Diversion Effects: The case of ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA)," Ibero America Institute for Econ. Research (IAI) Discussion Papers 224, Ibero-America Institute for Economic Research.
    11. Dunning John H. & Lundan Sarianna M. & Eckes Alfred E. & Bryant Sarah K. & Unger Michael L. & Shelburne Robert C. & Cernat Lucian, 2001. "Global Economy Quarterly, Issue 3," Global Economy Journal, De Gruyter, vol. 2(3), pages 1-109, December.
    12. Céline CARRERE, 2003. "African Regional Agreements: Their Impact on Trade With or Without Currency Unions," Working Papers 200311, CERDI.
    13. Yang, Shanping & Martinez-Zarzoso, Inmaculada, 2014. "A panel data analysis of trade creation and trade diversion effects: The case of ASEAN–China Free Trade Area," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 138-151.
    14. Carrere, Celine, 2006. "Revisiting the effects of regional trade agreements on trade flows with proper specification of the gravity model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 50(2), pages 223-247, February.
    15. Trotignon, Jérôme, 2010. "Does Regional Integration Promote the Multilateralization of Trade Flows?: a Gravity Model Using Panel Data," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 25, pages 223-251.
    16. repec:oup:revage:v:30:y:2008:i:1:p:61-81. is not listed on IDEAS

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