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Arsenic and fluorine in groundwater in western Jilin Province, China: occurrence and health risk assessment

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  • B. Jianmin

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  • W. Yu
  • Z. Juan

Abstract

In this paper, the triangular fuzzy numbers theory is introduced to health risk assessment. On the basis of defining the parameters as triangular fuzzy numbers, uncertain models were established. As a case study, the fuzzy models were applied to evaluate the health risk of arsenic and fluorine in groundwater in western Jilin Province. The evaluation results indicated that there was great carcinogenic risk of arsenic in Quaternary phreatic water, Quaternary confined water, and Tertiary confined water, and the most probable risk values were 20.94 × 10 −5 , 55.22 × 10 −5 , and 24.02 × 10 −5 a −1 , respectively; all of these values are greater than 5.0 × 10 −5 a −1 , the acceptable maximum value recommended by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). The most probable risk values of fluorine in Quaternary phreatic water, Quaternary confined water, and Tertiary confined water were 3.64 × 10 −8 , 2.48 × 10 −8 , and 2.17 × 10 −8 a −1 , respectively, all of which are less than the acceptable maximum value recommended by IARC. The assessment results showed that groundwater in the study area posed great health risks, and the fuzzy models reveal the health risk state of hazardous substances in groundwater more scientifically than traditional models. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Suggested Citation

  • B. Jianmin & W. Yu & Z. Juan, 2015. "Arsenic and fluorine in groundwater in western Jilin Province, China: occurrence and health risk assessment," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 77(3), pages 1903-1914, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:77:y:2015:i:3:p:1903-1914
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-015-1682-1
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Xiaosi Su & Huang Wang & Yuling Zhang, 2013. "Health Risk Assessment of Nitrate Contamination in Groundwater: A Case Study of an Agricultural Area in Northeast China," Water Resources Management: An International Journal, Published for the European Water Resources Association (EWRA), Springer;European Water Resources Association (EWRA), vol. 27(8), pages 3025-3034, June.
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