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Locating social capital in resilient community-level emergency management

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  • Brenda Murphy

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Abstract

This paper distinguishes between two types of emergency management at the local scale—municipal government responsibilities and community-level initiatives. It argues that these are interdependent, but separate aspects of emergency management. Communities, whether or not tied to particular places, are posited as being key, but often overlooked resources in both proactive and reactive phases of emergency management. Of particular importance within communities are the social capital resources (networks of strong and weak ties) that may work to improve a community’s resilience to risks and hazards. Two cases studies, the 2003 electricity power blackout in the eastern parts of both Canada and the United States and the 2000 water-borne disaster in Walkerton are utilised to demonstrate the concepts developed in the paper. Copyright Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Suggested Citation

  • Brenda Murphy, 2007. "Locating social capital in resilient community-level emergency management," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 41(2), pages 297-315, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:nathaz:v:41:y:2007:i:2:p:297-315
    DOI: 10.1007/s11069-006-9037-6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark Pelling, 1998. "Participation, social capital and vulnerability to urban flooding in Guyana," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 10(4), pages 469-486.
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    1. repec:spr:nathaz:v:93:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11069-018-3371-3 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Mackenzie Consoer & Anita Milman, 2016. "The dynamic process of social capital during recovery from Tropical Storm Irene in Vermont," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 84(1), pages 155-174, October.
    3. Hitomu Kotani & Muneta Yokomatsu, 2016. "Natural disasters and dynamics of “a paradise built in hell”: a social network approach," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 84(1), pages 309-333, October.
    4. Rebecca Wickes & Renee Zahnow & Melanie Taylor & Alex R. Piquero, 2015. "Neighborhood Structure, Social Capital, and Community Resilience: Longitudinal Evidence from the 2011 Brisbane Flood Disaster," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 96(2), pages 330-353, June.
    5. Schouten, Marleen A.H. & van der Heide, C. Martijn & Heijman, Wim J.M. & Opdam, Paul F.M., 2012. "A resilience-based policy evaluation framework: Application to European rural development policies," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 165-175.
    6. repec:eee:ejores:v:268:y:2018:i:3:p:887-903 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Dinh, Huong & Pearson, Leonie, 2015. "Specifying community economic resilience - a framework for measurement," 2015 Conference (59th), February 10-13, 2015, Rotorua, New Zealand 202523, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.
    8. Rabiul Islam & Greg Walkerden, 2015. "How do links between households and NGOs promote disaster resilience and recovery?: A case study of linking social networks on the Bangladeshi coast," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 78(3), pages 1707-1727, September.
    9. Laura Siebeneck & Sudha Arlikatti & Simon Andrew, 2015. "Using provincial baseline indicators to model geographic variations of disaster resilience in Thailand," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 79(2), pages 955-975, November.
    10. repec:spr:nathaz:v:93:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11069-018-3367-z is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Helen Boon & Alison Cottrell & David King & Robert Stevenson & Joanne Millar, 2012. "Bronfenbrenner’s bioecological theory for modelling community resilience to natural disasters," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 60(2), pages 381-408, January.
    12. Malcolm Anderson & Liz Holcombe & Rob Flory & Jean-Philippe Renaud, 2008. "Implementing low-cost landslide risk reduction: a pilot study in unplanned housing areas of the Caribbean," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 47(3), pages 297-315, December.
    13. Reininger, Belinda M. & Rahbar, Mohammad H. & Lee, MinJae & Chen, Zhongxue & Alam, Sartaj R. & Pope, Jennifer & Adams, Barbara, 2013. "Social capital and disaster preparedness among low income Mexican Americans in a disaster prone area," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 50-60.
    14. Helen Boon, 2014. "Disaster resilience in a flood-impacted rural Australian town," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 71(1), pages 683-701, March.
    15. repec:spr:nathaz:v:90:y:2018:i:3:d:10.1007_s11069-017-3103-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Suzanne Vallance, 2015. "Disaster recovery as participation: lessons from the Shaky Isles," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 75(2), pages 1287-1301, January.
    17. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1141-:d:102982 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Alireza Abbasi, 2014. "Link formation pattern during emergency response network dynamics," Natural Hazards: Journal of the International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, Springer;International Society for the Prevention and Mitigation of Natural Hazards, vol. 71(3), pages 1957-1969, April.
    19. repec:wsi:jeapmx:v:20:y:2018:i:04:n:s1464333218500138 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. repec:spr:nathaz:v:88:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11069-017-2913-4 is not listed on IDEAS

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