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Open Innovation Diplomacy and a 21st Century Fractal Research, Education and Innovation (FREIE) Ecosystem: Building on the Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Concepts and the “Mode 3” Knowledge Production System

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  • Elias Carayannis

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  • David Campbell

    ()

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Suggested Citation

  • Elias Carayannis & David Campbell, 2011. "Open Innovation Diplomacy and a 21st Century Fractal Research, Education and Innovation (FREIE) Ecosystem: Building on the Quadruple and Quintuple Helix Innovation Concepts and the “Mode 3” Knowledge ," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 2(3), pages 327-372, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jknowl:v:2:y:2011:i:3:p:327-372
    DOI: 10.1007/s13132-011-0058-3
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Etzkowitz, Henry & Leydesdorff, Loet, 2000. "The dynamics of innovation: from National Systems and "Mode 2" to a Triple Helix of university-industry-government relations," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 109-123, February.
    2. Cinzia Colapinto & Colin Porlezza, 2012. "Innovation in Creative Industries: from the Quadruple Helix Model to the Systems Theory," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 3(4), pages 343-353, December.
    3. Loet Leydesdorff, 2012. "The Triple Helix, Quadruple Helix, …, and an N-Tuple of Helices: Explanatory Models for Analyzing the Knowledge-Based Economy?," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 3(1), pages 25-35, March.
    4. von Zedtwitz, Maximilian & Gassmann, Oliver, 2002. "Market versus technology drive in R&D internationalization: four different patterns of managing research and development," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 31(4), pages 569-588, May.
    5. Fabrizio Cesaroni & Alfonso Gambardella & Walter Garcia-Fontes & Myriam Mariani, 2001. "The Chemical Sector al System. Firms, markets, institutions and the processes of knowledge creation and diffusion," LEM Papers Series 2001/17, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Talya Ponchek, 2016. "To Collaborate or Not to Collaborate? A Study of the Value of Innovation from a Sectoral Perspective," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 43-79, March.
    2. Teodoro Luque-Martínez & Salvador Barrio-García, 2016. "Constructing a synthetic indicator of research activity," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 108(3), pages 1049-1064, September.
    3. Ana Fernández-Zubieta & Inés Andújar-Nagore & Sandro Giachi & Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, 2016. "New Organizational Arrangements for Public-Private Research Collaboration," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 80-103, March.
    4. Sorin Cohn & Barry Gander & Jennifer Percival & Tamas Koplyay, 2016. "Managing Progress Towards Intelligent Community Status with the i-CAT Assessment Tools," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 172-192, March.
    5. Popa, Simona & Soto-Acosta, Pedro & Martinez-Conesa, Isabel, 2017. "Antecedents, moderators, and outcomes of innovation climate and open innovation: An empirical study in SMEs," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 134-142.
    6. repec:spr:jknowl:v:9:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s13132-017-0501-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Sorin Cohn & Barry Gander & Jennifer Percival & Tamas Koplyay, 2016. "Managing Progress Towards Intelligent Community Status with the i-CAT Assessment Tools," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 172-192, March.
    8. repec:kap:jtecht:v:42:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s10961-016-9500-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ana Fernández-Zubieta & Inés Andújar-Nagore & Sandro Giachi & Manuel Fernández-Esquinas, 2016. "New Organizational Arrangements for Public-Private Research Collaboration," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 80-103, March.
    10. repec:eur:ejesjr:211 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Sul Kassicieh, 2016. "Technology Entrepreneurship: Progress of a Clinical Approach Through Time," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 1-22, March.
    12. Inga Ivanova, 2014. "Quadruple Helix Systems and Symmetry: a Step Towards Helix Innovation System Classification," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 5(2), pages 357-369, June.
    13. repec:wsi:ijitmx:v:14:y:2017:i:05:n:s0219877017500249 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:wsi:ijitmx:v:14:y:2017:i:05:n:s0219877017500304 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Maciejczak, Mariusz, 6. "How To Analyze Bioeconomy?," Roczniki (Annals), Polish Association of Agricultural Economists and Agribusiness - Stowarzyszenie Ekonomistow Rolnictwa e Agrobiznesu (SERiA), issue 6.
    16. David Campbell & Elias Carayannis & Scheherazade Rehman, 2015. "Quadruple Helix Structures of Quality of Democracy in Innovation Systems: the USA, OECD Countries, and EU Member Countries in Global Comparison," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 6(3), pages 467-493, September.
    17. repec:spr:jknowl:v:8:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s13132-017-0478-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    18. Talya Ponchek, 2016. "To Collaborate or Not to Collaborate? A Study of the Value of Innovation from a Sectoral Perspective," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 43-79, March.
    19. repec:spr:jknowl:v:9:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s13132-015-0336-6 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Sul Kassicieh, 2016. "Technology Entrepreneurship: Progress of a Clinical Approach Through Time," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 7(1), pages 1-22, March.
    21. Marge Seppo & Kärt Rõigas & Urmas Varblane, 2014. "Governmental Support Measures for University–Industry Cooperation—Comparative View in Europe," Journal of the Knowledge Economy, Springer;Portland International Center for Management of Engineering and Technology (PICMET), vol. 5(2), pages 388-408, June.

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