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Armington Product Variety Growth in Small versus Large Countries

  • Peter Egger
  • Martin Gassebner
  • Andrea Lassmann

Recent work in international economics provides insights into the measurement of product variety change - i.e., the change at the extensive margin of trade - and its consequences for a country's welfare. In such work, the measurement of product variety change is typically taken as given. There is evidence that product variety change is the main source of gains from trade (see Hummels and Klenow, 2005; and Broda and Weinstein, 2006). However, little is known as to what determines product variety growth, e.g., from an Armington perspective as here, and what we can subsequently learn for the inclination of countries, depending on their characteristics, towards trade liberalization. Results in this paper shed first light on a possible nexus between Armingtontype product variety change (i.e., product diversity by virtue of country of origin) and economic size of countries. Our future research will venture to provide an answer to the question about the key determinants of product variety and as to the heterogeneous consequences of trade liberalization across countries.

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Article provided by Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES) in its journal Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics.

Volume (Year): 145 (2009)
Issue (Month): IV (December)
Pages: 411-419

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Handle: RePEc:ses:arsjes:2009-iv-4
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  1. Dixit, Avinash K & Stiglitz, Joseph E, 1975. "Monopolistic Competition and Optimum Product Diversity," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 64, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
  2. Feenstra, Robert & Kee, Hiau Looi, 2008. "Export variety and country productivity: Estimating the monopolistic competition model with endogenous productivity," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(2), pages 500-518, March.
  3. David Hummels & Peter J. Klenow, 2005. "The Variety and Quality of a Nation's Exports," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 704-723, June.
  4. Feenstra, Robert C, 1994. "New Product Varieties and the Measurement of International Prices," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(1), pages 157-77, March.
  5. Christian Broda & David E. Weinstein, 2006. "Globalization and the Gains From Variety," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 121(2), pages 541-585.
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