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Los terratenientes frente al cambio agrario, 1940-1954


  • Miguel Artola Blanco

    (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid)


Historical research has frequently examined the impact of postwar agrarian changes on the economy and society of Spain. However, there is still much debate regarding the role of large-scale landowners in relation to these changes. This paper offers a contribution to this debate by examining the owners of large estates living in Madrid during this period. An examination of the individual income tax returns of the highest income tax bracket is a historical source that has hardly been tapped and offers a picture of their private economy. This study focuses on identifying large-scale landowners, the characteristics of their estates, their strategies of property conservation and their relationship with other economic sectors. We also present a diachronic study that exposes the difficult adaptation landed aristocracy faced at a time when it was impossible to maintain their traditional agrarian rentier economy. Finally, this article examines the rise of a new class of landowners that were clearly differentiated from the Madrid elites.

Suggested Citation

  • Miguel Artola Blanco, 2013. "Los terratenientes frente al cambio agrario, 1940-1954," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 59, pages 125-158, april.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:journl:y:2013:i:59:m:april:p:125-158

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    Agrarian Change; Landowners; Francoism; Aristocracy; Madrid;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • N54 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Europe: 1913-
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy


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