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Innovación empresarial y agricultura ecológica en Los Monegros durante el siglo XX

Author

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  • Estrella Bernal

    (Universidad de Zaragoza)

Abstract

This work shows the evolution from traditional irrigation to the one based on large irrigation schemes in the Aragonese region of Los Monegros during the second half of 20th century, and its relationship with public-policy driven changes in landscape, society and production. The evidence on the limits of new irrigation schemes leads to the analysis of a possible recovery of the traditional irrigation and its potential contribution to the sustainability of local agriculture. It is suggested that such a step integrated the practices of ecological agriculture as an entrepreneurial innovation. Official data and field work are used to compare both kinds of irrigation, with the following results: (1) data about historical evolution of water and landscape usages, including an analysis of different public institutions’ interventions and the consequent change in social relations; (2) economic margins per hectare of agrarian business in each considered type of irrigation; (3) description of possible environmental profits or costs derived from adopting one irrigation type or another; (4) proposal for an agrarian innovative business based on the social possibilities of the territory.

Suggested Citation

  • Estrella Bernal, 2011. "Innovación empresarial y agricultura ecológica en Los Monegros durante el siglo XX," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 53, pages 129-170, april.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:journl:y:2011:i:53:m:april:p:129-170
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    File URL: http://repositori.uji.es/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10234/149047/2011_53_129_170.pdf?sequence=1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ellis, Frank & Sumberg, James, 1998. "Food production, urban areas and policy responses," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 26(2), pages 213-225, February.
    2. Ika Darnhofer & Walter Schneeberger & Bernhard Freyer, 2005. "Converting or not converting to organic farming in Austria:Farmer types and their rationale," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 22(1), pages 39-52, March.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hydraulic Infrastructures; Traditional Irrigation; Public Management of Water; Irrigation Sustainability; Business Innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets
    • Q15 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Land Ownership and Tenure; Land Reform; Land Use; Irrigation; Agriculture and Environment
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q01 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General - - - Sustainable Development

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