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Rural Labor Outmigration and Gender Dimension in an Assessment of Farm Technical Efficiency: A Case Study in Selected Rice Villages in the Philippines

Author

Listed:
  • Joyce S. Luis

    () (Social Sciences Division, International Rice Resaerch Institute)

  • Thelma R. Paris

    () (Social Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute)

  • Maria Fay Rola-Rubzen

    () (Research and Development, Curtin Business School, Crtin University, Pert, Western Australia)

  • Valerien O. Pede

    () (Social Sciences Division, International Rice Research Institute)

Abstract

Several studies have shown that labor outmigration is one of the livelihood strategies of poor farming households. However, no studies have shown its effect on rice crop production including a gender dimension on technical efficiency in rice farming. This paper attempts to improve the understanding of the relationship between male and female labor migration and farm technical efficiency in selected rice-based farming villages in the Philippines. Using cross-section data from 670 farm households in the Luzon area in the Philippines, results indicate that the type of migration, experience of the migrant, and frequency of home visits enhance farm technical efficiency; however, sex of the migrant increases inefficiencies. The average technical efficiency is 0.74. This implies that, in the short run, there is scope for increasing rice productivity by about 26 percent by conducting formal and informal trainings among the adult household members and providing them access to technical knowledge on the use of improved rice varieties and associated crop and resource management practices.

Suggested Citation

  • Joyce S. Luis & Thelma R. Paris & Maria Fay Rola-Rubzen & Valerien O. Pede, 2015. "Rural Labor Outmigration and Gender Dimension in an Assessment of Farm Technical Efficiency: A Case Study in Selected Rice Villages in the Philippines," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 12(1), pages 53-65, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:12:y:2015:i:1:p:53-65
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bozoglu, Mehmet & Ceyhan, Vedat, 2007. "Measuring the technical efficiency and exploring the inefficiency determinants of vegetable farms in Samsun province, Turkey," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, pages 649-656.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    rural labor outmigration; rice farming; rural labor outmigration; rice farming households; rice productivity; technical efficiency; male and female migrants;

    JEL classification:

    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models
    • F24 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Remittances
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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