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Pathways of Change: Shifting Connectivities in the World City Network, 2000—08

Author

Listed:
  • Ben Derudder

    (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, Ghent, B9000, Belgium, ben.derudder@ugent.be)

  • Peter Taylor

    (Department of Geography, University of Loughborough, Martin Hall, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, p.j.taylor@lboro.ac.uk)

  • Pengfei Ni

    (Institute of Finance and Trade Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, No. 2 Yuetan Beixiaojie, Beijing, China, ni_pengfei@163.com)

  • Anneleen De Vos

    (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, Ghent, B9000, Belgium, anneleen.devos@ugent.be)

  • Michael Hoyler

    (Department of Geography, University of Loughborough, Martin Hall, Loughborough, LE11 3TU, UK, m.hoyler@lboro.ac.uk)

  • Heidi Hanssens

    (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, Ghent, B9000, Belgium, heidi.hanssens@ugent.be,)

  • David Bassens

    (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, Ghent, B9000, Belgium, david.bassens@ugent.be)

  • Jin Huang

    (Beijing University of Post and Telecommunication, No. 2, Yuetan Beixiaojie St, Beijing, 100836, China, huang.j@ntu.edu.cn)

  • Frank Witlox

    (Department of Geography, Ghent University, Krijgslaan 281/S8, Ghent, B9000, Belgium, frank.witlox@ugent.be)

  • Wei Shen

    (ESSCA École de Management, 1 rue Lakanal BP 4038, 49003 Angers Cedex 01, France,. wei.shen@essca.fr)

  • Xiaolan Yang

    (Beijing University of Post and Telecommunication, No. 2, Yuetan Beixiaojie St, Beijing, 100836, China, ylora@126.com)

Abstract

This is an empirical paper that measures and interprets changes in intercity relations at the global scale in the period 2000—08. It draws on the network model devised by the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) research group to measure global connectivities for 132 cities across the world in 2000 and 2008. The measurements for both years are adjusted so that a coherent set of services/cities is used. A range of statistical techniques is used to explore these changes at the city level and the regional scale. The most notable changes are: the general rise of connectivity in the world city network; the loss of global connectivity of US and sub-Saharan African cities (Los Angeles, San Francisco and Miami in particular); and, the gain in global connectivity of south Asian, Chinese and eastern European cities (Shanghai, Beijing and Moscow in particular).

Suggested Citation

  • Ben Derudder & Peter Taylor & Pengfei Ni & Anneleen De Vos & Michael Hoyler & Heidi Hanssens & David Bassens & Jin Huang & Frank Witlox & Wei Shen & Xiaolan Yang, 2010. "Pathways of Change: Shifting Connectivities in the World City Network, 2000—08," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 47(9), pages 1861-1877, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:47:y:2010:i:9:p:1861-1877
    DOI: 10.1177/0042098010372682
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Derudder, Ben & Beaverstock, Jonathan V. & Faulconbridge, James R. & Storme, Tom & Witlox, Frank, 2011. "You are the way you fly: on the association between business travel and business class travel," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 997-1000.
    2. Ben Derudder & Anneleen De Vos & Frank Witlox, 2011. "Global City/World City," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 8, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Alain Thierstein & Stefan Lüthi, 2012. "Interlocking Firm Networks in the German Knowledge Economy: The Case of the Emerging Mega-city Region of Munich," Chapters, in: Marina van Geenhuizen & Peter Nijkamp (ed.), Creative Knowledge Cities, chapter 13, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Zhao, Qianyu & Xu, Hang & Wall, Ronald S & Stavropoulos, Spyridon, 2017. "Building a bridge between port and city: Improving the urban competitiveness of port cities," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 120-133.
    5. Peter J. Taylor, 2014. "Competition and cooperation between cities in globalization," Chapters, in: Pengfei Ni & Zheng Qiongjie (ed.), Urban Competitiveness and Innovation, chapter 9, pages 139-156, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Peter J. Taylor, 2011. "On City Cooperation and City Competition," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 7, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    7. René Belderbos & Helen S. Du & Anthony Goerzen, 2017. "Global Cities, Connectivity, and the Location Choice of MNC Regional Headquarters," Journal of Management Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(8), pages 1271-1302, December.
    8. Matsumoto, Hidenobu & Domae, Koji, 2018. "The effects of new international airports and air-freight integrator's hubs on the mobility of cities in urban hierarchies: A case study in East and Southeast Asia," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 160-166.
    9. Virginie Mamadouh & Luiza Bialasiewicz & Anna Growe & Kati Volgmann, 2016. "Exploring Cosmopolitanity and Connectivity in The Polycentric German Urban System," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 107(2), pages 214-231, April.
    10. Wei, Fangwu & Grubesic, Tony H., 2015. "The dehubbing Cincinnati/Northern Kentucky International Airport (CVG): A spatiotemporal panorama," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 85-98.
    11. Belderbos, René & Du, Helen S. & Slangen, Arjen, 2020. "When do firms choose global cities as foreign investment locations within countries? The roles of contextual distance, knowledge intensity, and target-country experience," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 55(1).
    12. Kathy Pain, 2011. "Spatial Transformations of Cities: Global City-region? Mega-city Region?," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 9, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Stefan Lüthi & Alain Thierstein & Michael Hoyler, 2015. "The world city network: national versus global perspective," ERSA conference papers ersa15p66, European Regional Science Association.
    14. Peter J. Taylor & Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Frank Witlox, 2011. "Advanced Producer Servicing Networks of World Cities," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 13, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Ugo Fratesi, 2012. "A globalization-based taxonomy of European regions," Regional Science Policy & Practice, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 4(1), pages 1-23, March.
    16. Christof Parnreiter, 2014. "Network or Hierarchical Relations? A Plea for Redirecting Attention to the Control Functions of Global Cities," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(4), pages 398-411, September.
    17. Csomós György & Derudder Ben, 2014. "Ranking Asia-Pacific cities: Economic performance of multinational corporations and the regional urban hierarchy," Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, Sciendo, vol. 25(25), pages 1-12, September.
    18. Xingjian Liu & Ben Derudder & Frank Witlox & Michael Hoyler, 2014. "Cities As Networks within Networks of Cities: The Evolution of the City/Firm-Duality in the World City Network, 2000–2010," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(4), pages 465-482, September.
    19. Wouter Jacobs, 2014. "Rotterdam and Amsterdam as Trading Places? In Search of the Economic-Geographical Nexus between Global Commodity Chains and World Cities," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(4), pages 483-491, September.
    20. Matsumoto, Hidenobu & Domae, Koji, 2019. "Assessment of competitive hub status of cities in Europe and Asia from an international air traffic perspective," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 88-95.
    21. Liu, Xingjian & Derudder, Ben & García, Cándida Gago, 2013. "Exploring the co-evolution of the geographies of air transport aviation and corporate networks," Journal of Transport Geography, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 26-36.
    22. Tony H. Grubesic & Timothy C. Matisziw, 2011. "World Cities and Airline Networks," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 10, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    23. Ewa Korcelli-Olejniczak, 2011. "Marked by Dynamics: Berlin and Warsaw in the Process of Functional Change," Chapters, in: Ben Derudder & Michael Hoyler & Peter J. Taylor & Frank Witlox (ed.), International Handbook of Globalization and World Cities, chapter 48, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    24. Allan Watson & Jonathan V. Beaverstock, 2014. "World City Network Research at a Theoretical Impasse: On the Need to Re-Establish Qualitative Approaches to Understanding Agency in World City Networks," Tijdschrift voor Economische en Sociale Geografie, Royal Dutch Geographical Society KNAG, vol. 105(4), pages 412-426, September.

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