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Mitigating Systemic Spillovers from Currency Hedging


  • Kyuil Chung
  • Hail Park
  • Hyun Song Shin


Korea has been a forerunner in incorporating macroprudential policies to mitigate the vulnerabilities from currency crises that can turn into a more generalised liquidity crisis. This paper examines longer-term design issues for a more resilient and stable financial system that could be expected to complement the existing macroprudential measures in achieving a more stable financial system. In particular, the paper examines the rationale and mechanics of a new public financial institution, provisionally called the Exchange Stabilisation and Guarantee Corporation (ESGC) whose main role is to buy dollar forward positions from Korean exporting companies who wish to hedge the currency exposure from long-term export orders. The ESGC is intended to mitigate the risks arising from the reliance on the role of the banking sector in providing currency hedging services to exporters. Rapid growth of short-term foreign currency denominated debt has been the result of banks receiving forward dollar sales by exporters, and then hedging the long dollar position by borrowing short in dollars. A public institution that can buy dollars forward, but which is designed so that there is no need to hedge by taking short dollar debt, can mitigate the rapid increase in short-term dollar debt in booms.

Suggested Citation

  • Kyuil Chung & Hail Park & Hyun Song Shin, 2012. "Mitigating Systemic Spillovers from Currency Hedging," National Institute Economic Review, National Institute of Economic and Social Research, vol. 221(1), pages 44-56, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:niesru:v:221:y:2012:i:1:p:r44-r56

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    Cited by:

    1. Ree, Jack Joo K. & Yoon, Kyoungsoo & Park, Hail, 2015. "FX funding risks and exchange rate volatility," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 163-175.
    2. Stefan Avdjiev & Bat-el Berger & Hyun Song Shin, 2018. "Gauging procyclicality and financial vulnerability in Asia through the BIS banking and financial statistics," BIS Working Papers 735, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Silva, Walmir & Kimura, Herbert & Sobreiro, Vinicius Amorim, 2017. "An analysis of the literature on systemic financial risk: A survey," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 91-114.
    4. Maurice Obstfeld, 2014. "Never Say Never: Commentary on a Policymaker’s Reflections," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 62(4), pages 656-693, November.

    More about this item


    Currency hedging; banking stability; exchange rate overshooting;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions


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