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Simulation of a Policy Aimed at the Reduction of Wood Use in the Sudan


  • B W Murck

    (Department of Earth and Planetary Science, Erindale College, University of Toronto, Mississauga, Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada)

  • C M Dufournaud

    (Department of Geography, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario N2L 3G1, Canada)

  • J B R Whitney

    (Department of Geography, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario M5S 1A1, Canada)


A rectangular economic input-output table for the Sudan is presented, based on nine sectors, thirty-seven commodities, six primary inputs, and seven final demand categories. Four possible models of intermediate consumption are derived by using linear programming and entropy maximizing. The table is then linked to a coefficient representing wood use per unit of output in the Sudanese economy. A policy aimed at a reduction in wood use is tested by simulating the introduction of more efficient charcoal stoves into urban households. Implementation of the policy would lead to a significant reduction in total wood used, from 88 km 2 to 194 km 2 per year, depending on which of the four models for intermediate consumption is utilized. Reallocation of the resulting savings by households into energyintensive commodities, however, reduces the effectiveness of the policy by as much as 48%.

Suggested Citation

  • B W Murck & C M Dufournaud & J B R Whitney, 1985. "Simulation of a Policy Aimed at the Reduction of Wood Use in the Sudan," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 17(9), pages 1231-1242, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envira:v:17:y:1985:i:9:p:1231-1242

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    Cited by:

    1. Shrestha, Ram M. & Shrestha, Rabin, 2004. "Economics of clean development mechanism power projects under alternative approaches for setting baseline emissions," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 32(12), pages 1363-1374, August.
    2. Shrestha, Ram M. & Timilsina, Govinda R., 2002. "The additionality criterion for identifying clean development mechanism projects under the Kyoto Protocol," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 73-79, January.
    3. Zein-Elabdin, Eiman O., 1997. "Improved stoves in Sub-Saharan Africa: the case of the Sudan," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 465-475, October.

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