The policy impact of leadership in committees: Rapporteursâ€™ influence on the European Parliamentâ€™s opinions
What impact do leaders in the European Parliamentâ€™s (EP) committees have on the EPâ€™s opinions? This study formulates and tests expectations about the conditions under which rapporteurs influence the EPâ€™s opinions and also about what factors motivate that influence. In line with the informational theory of legislative committees, the most important factor affecting the EPâ€™s opinion is the policy position of the median MEP, not a characteristic of the rapporteur. Nonetheless, the evidence shows that rapporteurs influence the EPâ€™s opinions when legislative proposals are subject to early agreements under the co-decision procedure and when the consultation procedure applies. Rapporteursâ€™ influence is motivated primarily by national interests, rather than by the interests of their EP party groups.
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