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School Management in a Decentralized Context - A Comparative Analysis Romania – the U.S.A



    () (The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)

  • Maria Liana LACATUS

    () (The Bucharest Academy of Economic Studies, Romania)


Basically, decentralization of educational system represents the transfer of authority, responsibility and resources needed to make decisions and to ensure general and financial management to schools and local communities. Through decentralization schools become the main decision educational maker. This paper presents comparison two educational systems from the perspective of decentralization, US system and Romanian system, emphasizing the roles of different actors involved in the educational process. In US educational system there are three types of authorities: federal or national, state, and local educational authorities. The federal government has no direct authority on pre-university system; its role is limited by the American Constitution. The decision making and control center is a local one. Romania initiated the process of moving from a centralized educational system to a decentralized one and now the decision makers are looking for equilibrium between authorities at different levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Camelia STAICULESCU & Maria Liana LACATUS, 2011. "School Management in a Decentralized Context - A Comparative Analysis Romania – the U.S.A," REVISTA DE MANAGEMENT COMPARAT INTERNATIONAL/REVIEW OF INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE MANAGEMENT, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 12(1), pages 152-164, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:rmcimn:v:12:y:2011:i:1:p:152-164

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    decentralization; educational system; educational authorities; school as local decision maker; local responsibility.;

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I23 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Higher Education; Research Institutions


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