Communal Self-Regulation of “Informal” Economy: Evidences from Northern Dagestan in Russia
The author analyzes the self-regulation of “informal” economy in the coastal fishing in Northern Dagestan using Institutional Analysis and Development framework elaborated and developed by E. Ostrom. The overall goal was to identify the basic patterns of interactions among the members of local fishing community and propose some effective tools to improve state regulatory policy in the sphere of coastal fishing. Usual set of anthropological and sociological tools was used by the author to analyze the processes, including life story, structural and semi-structural interview, focus groups, informal conversations and short-lasting participant observation as the main one. Results of the study can be seen as follows: first, the state (constitutional) level of decision-making is significantly separated from the others: collective and operational (day-to-day life of community members). As a consequence, many local fishers in the border area who spent all their lives fishing ignore rules introduced by the state agencies and are accused of poaching; second, Nogai kinship relationships are seen as the most influential factors in distributing specially designated fishing areas (DFAs) and individual transferable quotas (ITQs) among the members of fishing community, thereby excluding non — Nogai fishers from legal fishing; third, illegal brigade as a social unit specializing on the sturgeon poaching is seen as most appropriated form of organization for local fishers, as far as it presents more equal opportunities for participation in fishing activities than official fishing enterprise does.
Volume (Year): 1 (2015)
Issue (Month): (February)
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- Bohannan, Paul, 1959. "The Impact of Money on an African Subsistence Economy," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 19(04), pages 491-503, December.
- Lobe, Kenton & Berkes, Fikret, 2004. "The padu system of community-based fisheries management: change and local institutional innovation in south India," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 271-281, May.
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