IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Women Home Based Workers Across Indian States: Recent Evidences


  • Tripathi, Tulika

    () (Central University of Gujarat)

  • Mishra, Nripendra Kishore

    () (Banaras Hindu University)


Globalisation has introduced a system of production where flexible work contract or sub-contracting and ‘putting-out’ system of production is becoming a general practice. Either as cost reduction strategy or as businesses strategy production is being out sourced and consequently a set of workers have emerged which is known as ‘home based workers (HBW)’ or ‘home workers’ or ‘outworkers’. NCEUS (2007) highlighted the importance of estimating and knowing the conditions of work of home workers. Information about these home based workers has been limited till recently due to definitional issues and data limitations. Delhi Group has clarified many definitional issues and NSS 66th round, (2009-10) has provided relevant data to know details of these home based workers. This paper focuses on women home based workers as they constitute the largest part and are characterised by worst employment conditions. NSS has launched another round (68th) of unemployment-employment survey for year 2011-12, still 66th round is much more important in regard to home based workers due to the fact that 68th round has dropped many of question on sub-contracting. Therefore, this paper relies on 66th round data only. This paper is basically an attempt to look at state wise pattern in women home based workers. It shows that there are considerable state level variations. There is state like Assam with close to half and Punjab with slightly above 10 per cent of their women home based workers working under any form of subcontracting. This paper looks at industrial distribution of these women home based workers and it is shown that there are certain industrial groups where share of home based women workers is higher than non home based workers. Thus we have fair reason to agree with NCEUS (2007) that these workers are a special category and they need specific policies to redress their situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Tripathi, Tulika & Mishra, Nripendra Kishore, 2013. "Women Home Based Workers Across Indian States: Recent Evidences," Journal of Regional Development and Planning, Rajarshi Majumder, vol. 2(1), pages 55-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jrdpin:0014

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Women Workforce; LFPR; Home-based Worker; India;

    JEL classification:

    • J01 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics: General
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:jrdpin:0014. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rajarshi Majumder). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.