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Threshold relationships among inflation, financial development, and growth




This paper tests for and estimates relationships among inflation, financial market development (FMD), and growth. This trivariate relationship changes across a statistically robust inflation threshold of about 14%. Below 14%, the relationship between growth and FMD is positive; above 14%, the relationship between growth and inflation is negative. The interaction between FMD and inflation has a significant impact, however: below 14% there is a positive correlation between growth and inflation, but marginal increases in inflation impair the relationship between growth and FMD; above 14% marginal increases in inflation have little or no impact on this relationship. This suggests that the role of financial markets as a channel of economic growth is important and changes with the level of inflation.

Suggested Citation

  • Barnes, Michelle L & Duquette, Nicolas, 2006. "Threshold relationships among inflation, financial development, and growth," Journal of Financial Transformation, Capco Institute, vol. 17, pages 141-149.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:jofitr:1406

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alberto Alesina & Robert J. Barro & Silvana Tenreyro, 2003. "Optimal Currency Areas," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2002, Volume 17, pages 301-356 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Michael D. Bordo & Lars Jonung, 1999. "The Future of EMU: What Does the History of Monetary Unions Tell Us?," NBER Working Papers 7365, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Cited by:

    1. William Miles & Samuel Schreyer, 2009. "Inflation Costs, Uncertainty Costs And Emerging Markets," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 169-183, December.
    2. Phiri, Andrew, 2013. "Inflation and Economic Growth in Zambia: A Threshold Autoregressive (TAR) Econometric Approach," MPRA Paper 52093, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Eggoh, Jude C. & Khan, Muhammad, 2014. "On the nonlinear relationship between inflation and economic growth," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 68(2), pages 133-143.
    4. William Miles & Samuel Schreyer, 2014. "Is monetary policy non-linear in Latin America? a quantile regression approach to Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Peru," Journal of Developing Areas, Tennessee State University, College of Business, vol. 48(2), pages 169-183, April-Jun.

    More about this item


    inflation; financial development; growth; threshold effects;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O43 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Institutions and Growth


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