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Trade-offs in Trade Liberalization: Evidence from the Philippine 2005 Tariff Changes

Author

Listed:
  • Cabalu, Helen

    () (John Curtin Institute of Public PolicyCurtin University of Technology)

  • Rodriguez, U-Primo

    (University of the Philippines)

Abstract

This paper provides a quantitative assessment of the tariff changes implemented by the Philippines in 2005. It evaluates the impacts of these changes on the macroeconomy and on major industries and regions of the country. It also examines the impact of alternative tariff policies that the government could have considered over the period. Using TARFCOM, a computable general equilibrium model developed for the Philippines, we demonstrate the trade–off between output growth and tariff revenues in trade liberalization. Changes in tariff rates could have a significant effect on the financial position of the government. In light of government dependence on tariff revenues, the success of tariff reform is contingent upon development of alternative revenue sources and the institutional mechanisms for effective tax administration.

Suggested Citation

  • Cabalu, Helen & Rodriguez, U-Primo, 2007. "Trade-offs in Trade Liberalization: Evidence from the Philippine 2005 Tariff Changes," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 22, pages 637-663.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0410
    as

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. U-Primo E. Rodriguez & Yolanda T. Garcia & Arnulfo G. Garcia & Reynaldo T. Tan, 2007. "Can Trade Policies Soften the Economic Impacts of an Avian Influenza Outbreak? Simulations From a CGE Model of the Philippines," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 4(2), pages 41-50, December.
    2. Rodríguez, U-Primo E. & Garcia, Yolanda T. & Garcia, Arnulfo G. & Tan, Reynaldo L., 2. "Can Trade Policies Soften the Economic Impacts of an Avian Influenza Outbreak? Simulations From a CGE Model of the Philippines," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 4(2).
    3. Cabalu, Helen & Koshy, Paul & Corong, Erwin & Rodriguez, U-Primo E. & Endriga, Benjamin A., 2015. "Modelling the impact of energy policies on the Philippine economy: Carbon tax, energy efficiency, and changes in the energy mix," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 222-237.
    4. U-Primo E. Rodriguez, 2008. "Impacts of the Free Trade Area of the Pacific (FTAAP) on Production, Consumption, and Trade of the Philippines," Development Economics Working Papers 22694, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Rodriguez, U-Primo E., 2008. "Impacts of the Free Trade Area of the Pacific (FTAAP) on Production, Consumption, and Trade of the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2008-20, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Trade liberalization; Computable general equilibrium; Tariff reform; Philippines;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F17 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Forecasting and Simulation

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