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Current Account Dynamics in OECD Countries and in the New EU Member States: An Intertemporal Approach


  • Bussière, Matthieu

    () (European Central Bank)

  • Fratzscher, Marcel

    (European Central Bank)


This paper investigates the large current account deficits observed in most new EU member states using an intertemporal model. The standard model is extended to include: (1) the persistence of current account positions and (2) the relevance of the fiscal balance. Specifically, a closed form solution for consumption in the presence of habit persistence and liquidity constraints is derived, yielding a dynamic model for the current account where fiscal deficits have an effect. The model is estimated for a panel of 33 countries. A key finding is that current accounts in most new EU member states are broadly in line with their structural current account positions.

Suggested Citation

  • Bussière, Matthieu & Fratzscher, Marcel, 2006. "Current Account Dynamics in OECD Countries and in the New EU Member States: An Intertemporal Approach," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 21, pages 593-618.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0371

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ca’ Zorzi, Michele & Chudik, Alexander & Dieppe, Alistair, 2012. "Thousands of models, one story: Current account imbalances in the global economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 1319-1338.
    2. Ca' Zorzi, Michele & Dieppe, Alistair & Chudik, Alexander, 2012. "The perils of aggregating foreign variables in panel data models," Working Paper Series 1444, European Central Bank.
    3. Milan Nedeljkovic & Branko Uroševic & Emir Zildžovic, 2012. "Jackknife Model Averaging of the Current Account Determinants," Working papers 23, National Bank of Serbia.
    4. Comunale, Mariarosaria, 2015. "Current account and REER misalignments in Central Eastern EU countries: an update using the macroeconomic balance approach," BOFIT Discussion Papers 28/2015, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
    5. Martin Schmitz, 2014. "Financial remoteness and the net external position," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 150(1), pages 191-219, February.
    6. Mariarosaria Comunale, 2015. "Current Account and Real Effective Exchange Rate Misalignments in Central Eastern EU Countries: an Update Using the Macroeconomic Balance Approach," CEIS Research Paper 360, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 13 Nov 2015.
    7. repec:kap:copoec:v:29:y:2018:i:1:d:10.1007_s10602-017-9255-9 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Mariarosaria Comunale, 2016. "A Closer Look at EU Current Accounts," CEIS Research Paper 393, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 11 Aug 2016.
    9. repec:bof:bofitp:urn:nbn:fi:bof-201510131420 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Branko Urošević & Milan Nedeljković & Emir Zildžović, 2012. "Jackknife Model Averaging of the Current Account Determinants," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 59(3), pages 267-281, June.
    11. Antonis Adam & Sofia Tsarsitalidou, 2018. "Do democracies have higher current account deficits?," Constitutional Political Economy, Springer, vol. 29(1), pages 40-68, March.

    More about this item


    Current account; Habit persistence; Liquidity constraints; Transition economies;

    JEL classification:

    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics


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