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FDI and Regional Income Disparity in Host Countries: Evidence from China

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Abstract

While foreign direct investment (FDI) might promote income growth, many developing host countries have been concerned about the impact of FDI on regional disparity. Using the Chinese data, we tested how FDI affects income inequality across provinces in the 1990s. The non-parametric analysis based on Spearman Rank Test suggests a positive correlation between FDI stock per capita and inequality. Then an empirical model is specified and estimated with direct measures of regional disparities in income and FDI, along with other determinants. The estimates indicate that the dramatic rise in the regional FDI disparity contributes largely the widening regional income inequality in the 1990s.

Suggested Citation

  • Xing, Yuqing & Zhang, Kevin Honglin, 2004. "FDI and Regional Income Disparity in Host Countries: Evidence from China," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 57(3), pages 363-379.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0133
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    Cited by:

    1. Laurence J. Kotlikoff, 2007. "Staticide - America's Suicidal Healthcare Status Quo," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2007-014, Boston University - Department of Economics.
    2. Eckhardt Bode & Peter Nunnenkamp, 2011. "Does foreign direct investment promote regional development in developed countries? A Markov chain approach for US states," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 147(2), pages 351-383, June.
    3. Guanghua Wan & Ming Lu & Zhao Chen, 2007. "Globalization And Regional Income Inequality: Empirical Evidence From Within China," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 53(1), pages 35-59, March.
    4. Chun-Yu Ho & Dan Li, 2008. "Rising regional inequality in China: Policy regimes and structural changes," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 87(2), pages 245-259, June.
    5. Wan, Guanghua & Lu, Ming & Chen, Zhao, 2004. "Globalization and Regional Income Inequality: Evidence from within China," WIDER Working Paper Series UNU-WIDER Research Paper , World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    6. James Laurenceson & Abby Kamalankanthan, "undated". "How important is foreign capital to income growth in China and India?," EAERG Discussion Paper Series 0405, School of Economics, University of Queensland, Australia.
    7. Jalil, Abdul, 2012. "Modeling income inequality and openness in the framework of Kuznets curve: New evidence from China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 309-315.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; Regional Income Inequality; China;

    JEL classification:

    • D30 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - General
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East

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