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Rising Regional Inequality in China:Policy Regimes and Structural Changes

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Listed:
  • Chun- Yu Ho

    () (Department of Economics, Boston University)

  • Dan Li

    () (Department of Economics, Boston University)

Abstract

Regional inequality is severe in China since regional development is uneven due to various initial conditions and government policies. We employ unit root tests allowing for structural breaks to alternative inequality measures from 1952 to 2000. Empirical results indicate that (1) the regional inequality is trend stationary with structural breaks rather than follow a random walk. Thus, ignoring structural changes might induce incorrect inference and misleading policy implications; (2) the break points are associated with episodic events in Chinese economic history such as the Cultural Revolution and market reforms. It implies that the policies had a long-lasting and fundamental effect on the inequality.

Suggested Citation

  • Chun- Yu Ho & Dan Li, 2007. "Rising Regional Inequality in China:Policy Regimes and Structural Changes," Boston University - Department of Economics - Working Papers Series WP2007-013, Boston University - Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:bos:wpaper:wp2007-013
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    Cited by:

    1. Kang Ernest Liu & Hung-Hao Chang & Wen S. Chern, 2011. "Examining changes in fresh fruit and vegetable consumption over time and across regions in urban China," China Agricultural Economic Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 3(3), pages 276-296, September.
    2. José Villaverde & Adolfo Maza, 2012. "Chinese per Capita Income Distribution, 1992–2007: A Regional Perspective," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 26(4), pages 313-331, December.
    3. Herrerias, M.J. & Ordoñez, J., 2012. "New evidence on the role of regional clusters and convergence in China (1952–2008)," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 23(4), pages 1120-1133.
    4. Guangdong Li & Chuanglin Fang, 2014. "Analyzing the multi-mechanism of regional inequality in China," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 52(1), pages 155-182, January.
    5. Chun-Yu Ho & Dan Li, 2010. "Spatial Dependence and Divergence across Chinese Cities," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 14(2), pages 386-403, May.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Structural break; unit root; inequality; China;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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