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An Assessment of The Turkish Disability Act in View of Social Model


  • Özgökçeler, Serhat

    (Uludağ Üniversitesi,)

  • Alper, Yusuf

    (Uludağ Üniversitesi,)


The medical model as a trouble approach in disability literature characterizes disabled status to be “amenable to treatment, capable of improvement or illness”. The main viewpoint of the model is to assess people with disabilities who are unwell / sick. The new –social- model has described disability as a result of community’s affirmative-reaction since the 1950’s and 1960’s. In this context a person with a disability is exposed to biased opinions of other people or society. Therefore the social model focuses on the problematic exclusive reactions against people with disabilities. Turkey has taken a keen interest in social policy applications and legal regulation(s) for people with disabilities since the second half of the 1990’s, for instance, forming the Administration of Disabled People (1997), holding the 1st National Disabled People’s Council (1999), and introducing the Turkish Disability Act (2005). The purpose of this study is to determine implications of the social model approach for the Turkish Disability Act. Furthermore, this study demonstrates that the Act has a synthesis–approach.

Suggested Citation

  • Özgökçeler, Serhat & Alper, Yusuf, 2010. "An Assessment of The Turkish Disability Act in View of Social Model," Business and Economics Research Journal, Uludag University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 1(1), pages 1-33, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:buecrj:0025

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    More about this item


    People with disabilities; Medical model; Social model; Disability rights movement; Social rights of people with disabilities;

    JEL classification:

    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions
    • J08 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - Labor Economics Policies
    • J78 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Public Policy (including comparable worth)
    • J83 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Workers' Rights
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law


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