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Four European Smart City Strategies


  • Margarita Angelidou


This paper provides evidence-based policy recommendations about the development of smart cities. The core characteristics of smart cities, including the use of advanced technology, human and social capital development, the development of pro-business environments and networking, are ¡®translated¡¯ into individual domains that characterize smart city strategies. Four major European cities (Amsterdam, Barcelona, London and Stockholm) are examined in terms of how they have so far incorporated those domains in their ongoing smart city strategies. The data are analyzed comparatively, highlighting trends and contrasting differences among strategies. The paper closes with conclusions about those characteristics and their role in smart city policy making.

Suggested Citation

  • Margarita Angelidou, 2016. "Four European Smart City Strategies," International Journal of Social Science Studies, Redfame publishing, vol. 4(4), pages 18-30, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:rfa:journl:v:4:y:2016:i:4:p:18-30

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    Cited by:

    1. Daxin Gong & Xiaofan Shan, 2023. "How Does Smart City Construction Affect Urban–Rural Collaborative Development? A Quasi-Natural Experiment from Chinese Cities," Land, MDPI, vol. 12(8), pages 1-14, August.
    2. Nancy Micozzi & Tan Yigitcanlar, 2022. "Understanding Smart City Policy: Insights from the Strategy Documents of 52 Local Governments," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 14(16), pages 1-26, August.
    3. Mauro ROMANELLI & Antonella ROMANELLI, 2021. "Intelligent cities dealing with technology for sustainability," Smart Cities International Conference (SCIC) Proceedings, Smart-EDU Hub, vol. 9, pages 277-283, November.
    4. Mauro ROMANELLI, 2021. "Rediscovering urban intelligence within cities by technologies," Smart Cities and Regional Development (SCRD) Journal, Smart-EDU Hub, vol. 5(3), pages 115-122, July.
    5. Nammi Kim & Seungwoo Yang, 2021. "Characteristics of Conceptually Related Smart Cities (CRSCs) Services from the Perspective of Sustainability," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(6), pages 1-48, March.
    6. Gabriel Koman & Oliver Bubelíny & Dominika Tumová & Radoslav Jankal, 2022. "Sustainable transport within the context of smart cities in the Slovak republic," Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, VsI Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Center, vol. 10(1), pages 175-199, September.
    7. Clement, Dr. Jessica & Crutzen, Prof. Nathalie, 2021. "How Local Policy Priorities Set the Smart City Agenda," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 171(C).
    8. Chang, Victor, 2021. "An ethical framework for big data and smart cities," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 165(C).
    9. Iryna Kalenyuk & Liudmyla Tsymbal & Iryna Uninets, 2021. "Intelligent Drivers Of Smart Economy In The Global Ecosystem," Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, Publishing house "Baltija Publishing", vol. 7(2).
    10. Negar Noori & Thomas Hoppe & Martin de Jong, 2020. "Classifying Pathways for Smart City Development: Comparing Design, Governance and Implementation in Amsterdam, Barcelona, Dubai, and Abu Dhabi," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(10), pages 1-24, May.
    11. Johannes Stübinger & Lucas Schneider, 2020. "Understanding Smart City—A Data-Driven Literature Review," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 12(20), pages 1-23, October.
    12. Marta Christina SUCIU & Adrian PETRE, 2018. "The Accelerated Development Of Information And Communication Technologies And Their Role Within Smart Cities," Smart Cities International Conference (SCIC) Proceedings, Smart-EDU Hub, vol. 6, pages 137-146, November.

    More about this item


    urban development; strategy; policy; sustainability; society; technology;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R00 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General - - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General


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