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Polarización y conflicto social


  • Ernesto Cardenas

    () (Facultad de Economía de la Universidad Externado de Colombia)


En este ensayo se presenta la teoría de la polarización desarrollada en economía, su relevancia para explicar el surgimiento de conflictos sociales y sus principales diferencias con la teoría más conocida de la desigualdad. En particular, se resume la estructura de identificación-distanciamiento desarrollada por Esteban y Ray, así como el índice propuesto por estos mismos autores y algunas de sus extensiones, como la polarización explicada y la polarización de grupos.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto Cardenas, 2011. "Polarización y conflicto social," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(24), pages 253-270, January-J.
  • Handle: RePEc:rei:ecoins:v:13:y:2011:i:24:p:253-270

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1994. "On the Measurement of Polarization," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 62(4), pages 819-851, July.
    2. Wolfson, Michael C, 1994. "When Inequalities Diverge," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 84(2), pages 353-358, May.
    3. Sen, Amartya, 1997. "On Economic Inequality," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198292975.
    4. Esteban, Joan & Ray, Debraj, 1999. "Conflict and Distribution," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 87(2), pages 379-415, August.
    5. Wolfson, Michael C, 1997. "Divergent Inequalities: Theory and Empirical Results," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(4), pages 401-421, December.
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    More about this item


    desigualdad; polarización; conflicto social;

    JEL classification:

    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions


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