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Crisis financieras y manejo de reservas en el Perú


  • Castillo, Paul
  • Barco, Daniel


Este documento analiza las respuestas de política económica frente a dos episodios de reversión repentina de flujos de capital en la economía peruana, la crisis Rusa de 1998 y la crisis económica mundial actual. El análisis indica que en ambos casos, la economía peruana logró aminorar el impacto de estos choques, gracias a una política adecuada de control de riesgos sistémicos. En particular, durante las fases expansivas del ciclo económico, se llevó a cabo una política preventiva de acumulación de reservas internacionales, a través de elevados encajes en moneda extranjera a los depósitos bancarios y adeudados, una sólida posición fiscal y la intervención ocasional en el mercado cambiario. Posteriormente, durante los episodios de reversión de capitales, la pérdida parcial de las reservas acumuladas permitió compensar esta reducción en los flujos financieros internacionales y atenuar su impacto sobre el crecimiento. Clasificación JEL: E44, E58, F32, F34

Suggested Citation

  • Castillo, Paul & Barco, Daniel, 2009. "Crisis financieras y manejo de reservas en el Perú," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 17, pages 85-112.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-17-03

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Martha Misas A. & María Teresa Ramírez G. & Luisa Fernanda Silva E., 2001. "Exportaciones no tradicionales en Colombia y sus determinantes," Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 19(39), pages 73-114, Junio.
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    4. Sergio Da Silva & Guilherme Moura, 2005. "Is There a Brazilian J-Curve?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 6(10), pages 1-17.
    5. Caporale, Guglielmo Maria & Chui, Michael K F, 1999. "Estimating Income and Price Elasticities of Trade in a Cointegration Framework," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 7(2), pages 254-264, May.
    6. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen & Niroomand, Farhang, 1998. "Long-run price elasticities and the Marshall-Lerner condition revisited," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 61(1), pages 101-109, October.
    7. Perron, Pierre & Rodriguez, Gabriel, 2003. "GLS detrending, efficient unit root tests and structural change," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 115(1), pages 1-27, July.
    8. Hendry, David F & Doornik, Jurgen A, 1994. "Modelling Linear Dynamic Econometric Systems," Scottish Journal of Political Economy, Scottish Economic Society, vol. 41(1), pages 1-33, February.
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    10. Bahmani-Oskooee, Mohsen, 1985. "Devaluation and the J-Curve: Some Evidence from LDCs," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 67(3), pages 500-504, August.
    11. Elliott, Graham & Rothenberg, Thomas J & Stock, James H, 1996. "Efficient Tests for an Autoregressive Unit Root," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 64(4), pages 813-836, July.
    12. Jaleel Ahmad & Jing Yang, 2004. "Estimation of the J-Curve in China," Economics Study Area Working Papers 67, East-West Center, Economics Study Area.
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    Cited by:

    1. Oscar Dancourt, 2012. "Banking Credit, Policy Interest Rate and Reserve Requirements in Peru," Ensayos Económicos, Central Bank of Argentina, Economic Research Department, vol. 1(65-66), pages 41-60, September.
    2. Nolazco, José Luis & Lengua-Lafosse, Patricia & Céspedes, Nikita, 2016. "Contribución de los choques externos en el Crecimiento Económico del Perú: un modelo semi-estructural," Working Papers 2016-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    3. Gondo, Rocio & Orrego, Fabrizio, 2011. "Dedollarization and financial robustness," Working Papers 2011-022, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F34 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Lending and Debt Problems


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