The Role Of The Albanian High Education In Creating The Entrepreneur
Following a history of planning and centralization, these last 20 years, with the close down and privatization in Albanian economy, brought about a surplus in the labour offer for some key specialties and professions. The unemployed professionals changed occupation, or emigrated. Now a shortage of different professionals is feeling in the practical everyday life. The new developments have at the same time created a remarked need for some new professions, which for the present, are performed by unqualified individuals. Meanwhile, there is a boom in higher education, not accompanied by the creation of specialists in these professions on demand, many of which can be created by the high school education. The Government of Albania has now understood that there is an imperative need to strengthen the high education that educates professionals. But in spite of the measures taken, there is still not the expected massivity in this kind of education, and potential high quality students prefer the general education, instead. Although there are reports of economic growth,there is not enough growth in the formal side of the labor market that may allow the employment of high school professionals. Those who choose this kind of education have no clear chances of employment, and the majority reorients their career on further education. The only possible way for them to make use of the profession taken by the high education, and for the country to move out of this crossroad, is to engage in private/individual enterprising. As an economy in transition and inspiring European inclusion, Albania needs to create a sustained basis of growth. Self-employment sustained by the entrepreneurial learning is an important way for economic efficiency as well as an alternative way to joblessness. Focused on the role of the Albanian professional education in creating the entrepreneur, the authors of this study analyzed the Strategy of Education, the curricula and study programs of the professional education and conducted half structured interviews with school directors and curricula authors. The purpose was to understand how individual traits and behaviors, such as creativity, opportunity identification, risk assessment and risk taking, and resource management which make up the entrepreneurial character are included in the curricula. It came out that entrepreneurship is introduced as a key competence within mainstream curriculum.This is made possible by innovative teaching and learning arrangements that are part of the reform in education. Structured interviews with students of the professional schools were conducted, focused on the motives for choosing this education, the perceived possibility offered by the actual study programs.
Volume (Year): 6 (2011)
Issue (Month): 3 (September)
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- André van Stel & Roy Thurik & David Audretsch & Martin Carree, 2007. "Does Self-Employment Reduce Unemployment?," Scales Research Reports H200709, EIM Business and Policy Research.
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