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Mind the (Gender) Gap. Gender, Gender Role Types, and Their Effects on Objective Career Success over Time

Author

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  • Thomas M. Schneidhofer
  • Michael Schiffinger
  • Wolfgang Mayrhofer

Abstract

Drawing on ideas by Pierre Bourdieu, this paper analyzes the effects of gender and gender role type (GRT) for objective career success (i.e., income) over time. Empirically, data from two cohorts of business school graduates were analyzed with mixed linear models. Gender and GRT, both perceived as career capital, progressively affect objective career success over time, with feminine GRT hampering objective career success for both sexes. Remaining results vary between the two cohorts: findings for the younger cohort deviate more strongly from the hypotheses derived.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas M. Schneidhofer & Michael Schiffinger & Wolfgang Mayrhofer, 2010. "Mind the (Gender) Gap. Gender, Gender Role Types, and Their Effects on Objective Career Success over Time," management revue. Socio-economic Studies, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 21(4), pages 437-457.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:mamere:1861-9908_mrev_2010_4_schneidhofer
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    Keywords

    objective career success; longitudinal study; Bourdieu;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation

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