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Sozialpartnerschaft in und nach der Krise: Entwicklungen und Perspektiven (Social Partnership during and after the Crisis: Developments and Perspectives)

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  • Haipeter, Thomas

Abstract

Der Begriff Sozialpartnerschaft zur Kennzeichnung der industriellen Beziehungen in Deutschland ist umstritten. Dies liegt nicht zuletzt an den unterschiedlichen Bedeutungen, die damit verbunden werden. Verstanden als Handlungsmuster wechselseitiger Anerkennung, relativ ausgeglichener Machtverteilung und hoher Praegekraft kollektivvertraglicher Regulierungen ist der Begriff aber analytisch fruchtbar. Auf dieser Grundlage laesst sich die Entwicklung der Arbeitsbeziehungen in der Finanzmarktkrise als Renaissance sozialpartnerschaftlicher Regulierungen auf Tarifebene und in den Betrieben deuten. Diese Renaissance steht jedoch in einem Kontext langfristiger Erosionsprozesse von Tarifautonomie und Mitbestimmung, die gleichermassen Arbeitsstandards und die Akteure der Arbeitsbeziehungen betreffen. Was folgt daraus fuer die Perspektiven der Sozialpartnerschaft? Es wird argumentiert, dass sich die Sozialpartnerschaft derzeit an einem Knotenpunkt der Entwicklung befindet, der auch eine laengerfristige Staerkung der Sozialpartnerschaft moeglich erscheinen laesst. Entscheidend dafuer ist die Fortsetzung der Revitalisierungsstrategien der Interessenvertretungen, die an mehreren Punkten zu beobachten sind. Im Ergebnis waere die Sozialpartnerschaft aber konfliktreicher, dezentraler und weniger elitaer und intermediaer. (The term social partnership is highly contested in the German literature. This is to a large extent a result of different meanings that are linked to the term. However, understood in the sense of mutual recognition, countervailing power and encompassing collective bargaining social partnership is a fruitful analytical concept for analysing the developments of labour relations in Germany during the times of crisis. In this respect a renaissance of social partnership concerning both collective bargaining and codetermination has taken place. However, the renaissance was embedded in long term trends of erosion of labour relations, which poses the question of the future perspectives of social partnership. In this article it will be argued that the development path of social partnership is at a critical juncture. The future development of social partnership depends largely on the intensification of the efforts unions and works councils have initiated to revitalise their organisations. If successful, social partnership would be more conflictual and de-central and at the same time less elitist and intermediary.)

Suggested Citation

  • Haipeter, Thomas, 2012. "Sozialpartnerschaft in und nach der Krise: Entwicklungen und Perspektiven (Social Partnership during and after the Crisis: Developments and Perspectives)," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 19(4), pages 387-411.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2012_04_haipeter
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    Keywords

    employer associations; interest representation; interest heterogeneity;

    JEL classification:

    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • M54 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - Labor Management

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