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Churning im Kontext betrieblicher Personalpolitik. Aktuelle Entwicklungen der Beschaeftigungssysteme (Churning in the Context of Human Resource Policies. Recent Developments in Employment Systems)

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  • Hohendanner, Christian

Abstract

Die Studie untersucht die Entwicklung und Determinanten des Churnings als Mass fuer den Grad der ‚Offenheit‘' von Beschaeftigungssystemen. Churning misst den Teil der Personalfluktuation, der nicht zu einer Beschaeftigungsaenderung im Betrieb fuehrt. Anhand der Entwicklung der Churningrate zwischen 1993 bis 2010 wird zunaechst deskriptiv dargelegt, inwieweit sich Hinweise auf einen Zuwachs an offenen Beschaeftigungssystemen finden lassen. Vor dem Hintergrund personalpolitischer Bezugsprobleme werden zudem in linearen Regressionsanalysen die betrieblichen Determinanten des Churnings untersucht. Schliesslich wird mittels Fixed-Effects-Panelmodellen der Zusammenhang zwischen Churning und Beschaeftigungswachstum analysiert. Datenbasis ist das IAB-Betriebspanel 1997 bis 2010. Im Ergebnis zeigt sich, dass Churning in den letzten Jahren abgenommen hat. Zudem laesst sich kein Zusammenhang zwischen der Churningrate und dem innerbetrieblichen Beschaeftigungswachstum identifizieren. (The study analyses the development and determinants of churning as a measure of the ‘openness’ of employment systems. Churning measures the part of worker turnover which is neutral to changes of the absolute number of employees in a firm. The descriptive analysis of the development of churning between 1993 and 2010 indicates to what extent a growth in 'open' employment systems can be observed. Against the background of different challenges for human resource policies I analyze the determinants of churning using linear regression models. Finally, I analyze whether there is a link between churning and employment growth in firms using fixed-effects panel models. The empirical analysis is based on the IAB Establishment Panel 1997 to 2010. Results show that churning has decreased in recent years. Furthermore, there is no link between churning and employment growth in German firms.)

Suggested Citation

  • Hohendanner, Christian, 2012. "Churning im Kontext betrieblicher Personalpolitik. Aktuelle Entwicklungen der Beschaeftigungssysteme (Churning in the Context of Human Resource Policies. Recent Developments in Employment Systems)," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 19(2), pages 124-153.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2012_02_hohendanner
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    Keywords

    churning; worker turnover; employment systems; human resource management; IAB Establishment Panel;

    JEL classification:

    • J2 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J63 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Turnover; Vacancies; Layoffs
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis

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