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Die Rolle von Betriebsraeten und Gewerkschaften bei Senioritaetsentlohnung (Seniority Wages and the Role of Works Councils and Unions)


  • Thomas Zwick


Weshalb bezahlen Arbeitgeber Loehne, die mit der Betriebszugehoerigkeit steigen? Die Prinzipal-Agent-Theorie betont, dass Arbeitgeber ihre Beschaeftigten an sich binden und motivieren wollen, indem sie ihnen einen relativ niedrigen Einstiegslohn sowie im Laufe der Betriebszugehoerigkeit staerker steigende Loehne bezahlen, als dies deren steigende Produktivitaet rechtfertigen wuerde. Dieser Beitrag versucht die empirische Relevanz der Prinzipal-Agent-Theorie zu testen und geht hierbei insbesondere auf die Rolle von Betriebsraeten und Gewerkschaften ein. Er bestaetigt die theoretischen Vorhersagen, die positive Einflussmoeglichkeiten beider Institutionen, nahelegen. (Why do employers pay seniority wages? The principal-agent theory stresses that employers might want to keep and motivate their employees by paying them a low entry wage and wage increases with tenure, although this may not be justified by their productivity development. This contribution tests the empirical relevance of this seniority wage interpretation. Hereby, it focuses on the role of works councils and unions. The theoretical hypotheses predicting a positive impact of both institutions on seniority wages are confirmed.)

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Zwick, 2011. "Die Rolle von Betriebsraeten und Gewerkschaften bei Senioritaetsentlohnung (Seniority Wages and the Role of Works Councils and Unions)," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 18(1-2), pages 119-131.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2011_01-02_zwick

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    seniority wages; industrial relations; linked employer employee data;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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