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Public Employment between Markets and Institutions. Competition and its Impact on Public Personnel Policies


  • Daniela Kroos
  • Sebastian Streb
  • Sylvia Hils


Public management reforms of the last decades increased the competition between the public and the private sector and challenged formerly standardised and collective public personnel policies. Based on expert interviews, this paper explores the impact of competition on public personnel policies in comparative case studies. We distinguish between competition for the provision of services, evidenced in waste collection, and competition for highly qualified personnel, exemplified by energy regulatory agencies. These cases are contrasted with the police as a field which is not influenced by either form of competition. Comparing Germany, France, the UK, and Sweden we show how competition shapes public personnel policies in different institutional settings. The results indicate that the designs of personnel policies in different fields of public employment are influenced by the type and the extent of competition. Nevertheless, reactions to competition comply with the constraints and options of the respective national institutional design.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela Kroos & Sebastian Streb & Sylvia Hils, 2011. "Public Employment between Markets and Institutions. Competition and its Impact on Public Personnel Policies," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 18(1-2), pages 39-59.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2011_01-02_kroos

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    public sector labour markets; personnel policies; competition; administrative regimes;

    JEL classification:

    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General
    • J45 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Public Sector Labor Markets
    • J80 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - General


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