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Des coûts aux investissements de transaction. Pour un renversement de la théorie de Williamson

  • Christophe Everaere
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    [fre] Si l'économie des coûts de transaction est une théorie séduisante car mettant l'approche néo-classique de la firme au goût du jour à l'appui d'acquis théoriques plus récents et bien admis tels que la rationalité limitée, elle a l'inconvénient d'entrer en contradiction avec les pratiques actuelles d'organisations confrontées aux exigences économiques de réactivité. En effet, des observations montrent une pluralité de partenaires aux identités plus ou moins distinctes impliqués dans les processus de production et d'innovation, sans que la récurrence des relations n'amène à l'intégration. De même, l'analyse de ces processus témoigne du caractère collectif et construit des processus d'apprentissage et de décision, au contraire d'un processus hiérarchique et centralisateur d'adaptation. C'est pourquoi, nous proposons de substituer à la notion de coût celle d'investissement de transaction afin de légitimer les transactions organisationnelles comme clef de voûte de l'adaptation sous contraintes d'incertitude et d'urgence. [eng] The « transaction costs economics » is an appealing theory because it keeps the neo-classical theory of the firm up to date, thanks to the more recent and well admitted «bounded rationality». But it has the drawback to be in contradiction with what occurs within industrial organizations confronted with the search for reactivity. Indeed, observations show up a plurality of partners closely involved in production and innovation activities within the firm, who keep their specific identities despite the intensity and the recurrence of the relationships that should, according to Williamson, lead to the integration. In the same way, these production and innovation activities under reactivity requirements attest some collective and constructed lear- ning and decison marking processes that are also in contradiction with a hierarchical and centralized adaptation process on which the transaction costs economics relies too. That is why, I propose to substitute the transaction investments for the transaction costs principle, so as to legitimate organizational transactions as a keystone of the adaptation of the firm confronted with uncertainty and emergency constaints.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue française d'économie.

    Volume (Year): 8 (1993)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 149-203

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1993_num_8_3_937
    Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1993.937
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