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Les systèmes nationaux d'innovation : à la recherche d'un concept utilisable

Author

Listed:
  • Jorge Niosi
  • Bertrand Bellon
  • Paolo Saviotti
  • Michaël Crow

Abstract

[fre] Bertrand Bellon, Jorge Niosi, Paolo Saviotti, Michael Crow Les systèmes nationaux d'innovation : à la recherche d'un concept utilisable. Cet article vise à établir les fondements du concept de système national d'innovation. Le développement économique actuel est marqué par la contradiction entre, d'un côté l'ouverture des frontières nationales entraînant l'égalisation relative des règles de la concurrence ; de l'autre, la différenciation croissante, entre espaces économiques, des stratégies et des résultats qui en découlent. Les comportements des acteurs sont, en effet, d'abord orientées vers la valorisation des spécificités existantes, bien au-delà de l'alignement sur des standards internationaux. La dimension technologique, ou plutôt innovative, redevient une des sources des avantages construits. Le concept de système national d'innovation participe aux théories évolutionnistes, ou plus précisément aux approches cybernétiques, au sens des sciences de la régulation et de la communication entre les hommes ou entre l'homme et la machine. Cet article cherche non seulement à fonder le concept sur le plan théorique, mais propose une méthodologie d'analyse concrète des différents systèmes nationaux d'innovation. [eng] Bertrand Bellon, Jorge Niosi, Paolo Saviotti, Michael Crow National system of innovation: an attempt to determine a concept. This article tends to develop the national system of innovation (NIS) concept. The current worldwide economic game is two folded. On one side, frontiers are increasingly open, which spread out more eavenly among countries the laws of competitiveness. On the other side, economic efficiency heavily depends on the specificities of each territory. Strategies are fully orientated towards the valorization of such specificities. Technology is back as a corner stone of built advantages among nations. The NSI concept is part of the evolutionnist theories. More precisely it belongs to the cybernetic approach of relations between men and between man and the machine. This article does not limit its attempt to the funding of a concept; it proposes an applied methodology for the analysis of specific NSIs.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Niosi & Bertrand Bellon & Paolo Saviotti & Michaël Crow, 1992. "Les systèmes nationaux d'innovation : à la recherche d'un concept utilisable," Revue Française d'Économie, Programme National Persée, vol. 7(1), pages 215-250.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:rfreco:rfeco_0769-0479_1992_num_7_1_1305 Note: DOI:10.3406/rfeco.1992.1305
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1990. "Economics of a bottleneck," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(1), pages 111-130, January.
    2. A. de Palma & F. Marchal, 1998. "Evaluation of new transport demand management measures on the city of Geneva with the use of innovative dynamic traffic models," THEMA Working Papers 98-02, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    3. Alain Bonnafous, 1996. "Le système des transports urbains," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 294(1), pages 99-108.
    4. Dahlgren, Joy, 1998. "High occupancy vehicle lanes: Not always more effective than general purpose lanes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 99-114, February.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Guillem ACHERMANN, 2013. "Le système territorial d’innovation THE TERRITORIAL INNOVATION SYSTEM," Working Papers 261, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
    2. Michel Quere, 2004. "National systems of innovation and national systems of corporate governance: a missing link?," Economics of Innovation and New Technology, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(1), pages 77-90.
    3. Faridah Djellal & Faïz Gallouj, 2017. "Les lois de l’imitation et de l’invention : Gabriel Tarde et l’économie évolutionniste de l’innovation," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, pages 643-671.
    4. Mihoub Mezouaghi, 2002. "Les approches du système national d'innovation : les économies semi-industrialisées," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 43(169), pages 189-212.
    5. Yawson, Robert M., 2004. "Management of technology in Ghana – problems & prospects," MPRA Paper 33219, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Zeting LIU, 2011. "Les politiques d’innovation françaises et la place des PME : une revue historique FRENCH INNOVATION POLICIES AND THE ROLE OF SMES: A HISTORICAL REVIEW," Working Papers 23, Réseau de Recherche sur l’Innovation. / Research Network on Innovation.
    7. Claudio Farina & Brigitte Preissl, 2000. "Research and Technology Organisations in National Systems of Innovation," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 221, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    8. Zeting LIU, 2013. "La politique d’innovation chinoise face au défi de la transition énergétique China's innovation policy and the challenge of energy transition: the case of photovoltaic and wind turbine industries," Working Papers 271, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.

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