IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Ouverture et développement. Considérations d'économie politique


  • François Bourguignon
  • Thierry Verdier


[fre] Le modèle présenté dans cet article est basé sur l'idée que l'éducation augmente la productivité et la participation politique des citoyens. Une oligarchie capitaliste est supposée détenir initialement le pouvoir dans une économie en développement où la masse des travailleurs est peu éduquée. Lorsque l'économie est fermée, il peut être dans l'intérêt de l'oligarchie d'éduquer les masses et éventuellement d'abdiquer son pouvoir politique si l'éducation des travailleurs contribue à augmenter la rentabilité du capital. En revanche, cette incitation disparaît si l'économie est ouverte aux capitaux étrangers. L'article étudie les coûts et les bénéfices de l'ouverture pour les divers agents et pour la collectivité nationale. [eng] Openness and development: a political economy perspective. . This paper presents a model in which education affects simultaneously individual productivity and political participation. A capitalist oligarchy initially holds political power in a developing economy where the majority of workers are uneducated. When the economy is closed, it can be in the interest of the capitalist Elite to subsidize the education of the workers in order to increase the domestic return on capital. This incentive however disappears when the economy becomes open to foreign capital flows. The paper investigates the costs and benefits of openness from the point of view of the various agents and the national economy as a whole.

Suggested Citation

  • François Bourguignon & Thierry Verdier, 2001. "Ouverture et développement. Considérations d'économie politique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(3), pages 495-506.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410331
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410331

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Data and metadata provided by Persée are licensed under a Creative Commons "Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0" License

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Christophe Ehrhart, 2009. "The effects of inequality on growth: a survey of the theoretical and empirical literature," Working Papers 107, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410331. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Equipe PERSEE). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.