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Ouverture et développement. Considérations d'économie politique

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  • François Bourguignon
  • Thierry Verdier

Abstract

[fre] Le modèle présenté dans cet article est basé sur l'idée que l'éducation augmente la productivité et la participation politique des citoyens. Une oligarchie capitaliste est supposée détenir initialement le pouvoir dans une économie en développement où la masse des travailleurs est peu éduquée. Lorsque l'économie est fermée, il peut être dans l'intérêt de l'oligarchie d'éduquer les masses et éventuellement d'abdiquer son pouvoir politique si l'éducation des travailleurs contribue à augmenter la rentabilité du capital. En revanche, cette incitation disparaît si l'économie est ouverte aux capitaux étrangers. L'article étudie les coûts et les bénéfices de l'ouverture pour les divers agents et pour la collectivité nationale. [eng] Openness and development: a political economy perspective This paper presents a model in which education affects simultaneously individual productivity and political participation. A capitalist oligarchy initially holds political power in a developing economy where the majority of workers are uneducated. When the economy is closed, it can be in the interest of the capitalist Elite to subsidize the education of the workers in order to increase the domestic return on capital. This incentive however disappears when the economy becomes open to foreign capital flows. The paper investigates the costs and benefits of openness from the point of view of the various agents and the national economy as a whole.

Suggested Citation

  • François Bourguignon & Thierry Verdier, 2001. "Ouverture et développement. Considérations d'économie politique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(3), pages 495-506.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_num_52_3_410331 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410331
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. R. Bruce Billings, 1982. "Specification of Block Rate Price Variables in Demand Models," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 58(3), pages 386-394.
    2. J. E. Schefter & E. L. David, 1985. "Estimating Residential Water Demand under Multi-Part Tariffs Using Aggregate Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 64(3), pages 272-280.
    3. Lars Gårn Hansen, 1996. "Water and Energy Price Impacts on Residential Water Demand in Copenhagen," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 72(1), pages 66-79.
    4. Michael L. Nieswiadomy & David J. Molina, 1989. "Comparing Residential Water Demand Estimates under Decreasing and Increasing Block Rates Using Household Data," Land Economics, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 65(3), pages 280-289.
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    Cited by:

    1. Christophe Ehrhart, 2009. "The effects of inequality on growth: a survey of the theoretical and empirical literature," Working Papers 107, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • D72 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Lobbying, Elections, Legislatures, and Voting Behavior

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