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L'économie du logiciel libre. Organisation coopérative et incitation à l'innovation

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  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann
  • Dominique Foray

Abstract

[eng] The economics of open source software: cooperation and incentives to innovate An open source software is defined by the availability of its source-code that cannot be privately appropriated. Its production is based on a special cooperative organisation mode, called the "bazaar", which functions particularly well in the context of Internet. Its functional viability till now was related to the fact that the users and developers of these software products considered themselves in the same category of actors. Today, open source software is entering the market and the existing form of organisation can now be the source of profits. The model's viability is related to its ability to sustain a high level of innovation. Hence, it depends on individual incentives to participate, and public spiritedness can no longer be relied upon as an effective substitute. [fre] Un logiciel libre est un logiciel dont le code source est rendu ouvertement disponible et ne peut faire l'objet d'une appropriation privative. Le mode d'organisation coopérative du « bazar », qui en fonde la production, a trouvé dans Internet un support particulièrement puissant et a pu jusqu'ici fonctionner efficacement dans la mesure où utilisateurs et développeurs des produits s'identifiaient en une seule et même catégorie. Aujourd'hui, le logiciel libre prend le virage du marché grand public et cette forme d'organisation collective peut être source de rentes privées. La viabilité de ce modèle est nécessairement dépendante de sa capacité à entretenir une dynamique de l'innovation efficiente. Elle dépend par conséquent d'un problème d'incitations individuelles, auxquelles l'éthique collective ne saurait être considérée comme un substitut efficace.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Benoît Zimmermann & Dominique Foray, 2001. "L'économie du logiciel libre. Organisation coopérative et incitation à l'innovation," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 52(1), pages 77-93.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2001_hos_52_1_410277 Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2001.410277
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Widad Guechtouli, 2014. "Agent-based modeling of knowledge transfer within social networks," Working Papers 2014-148, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    2. Marie Coris & Yannick Lung, 2005. "Les communautés virtuelles : la coordination sans proximité ? Les fondements de la coopération au sein des communautés du logiciel libre," Revue d'économie régionale et urbaine, Armand Colin, pages 397-420.
    3. Gauguier, Jean-Jacques, 2009. "L’industrialisation de l’Open Source," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/4388 edited by Toledano, Joëlle.
    4. Masmoudi, Héla, 2011. "La résolution distribuée dans les communautés Open Source : propriétés organisationnelles et modes de coordination," Economics Thesis from University Paris Dauphine, Paris Dauphine University, number 123456789/10709 edited by Dalle, Jean-Michel.
    5. Maria Alessandra Rossi, 2004. "Decoding the "Free/Open Source(F/OSS) Software Puzzle" a survey of theoretical and empirical contributions," Department of Economics University of Siena 424, Department of Economics, University of Siena.
    6. Patrick Cohendet & Matthieu Farcot & Julien Pénin, 2009. "Intellectual property in a knowledge-based economy : Patents to include vs. patents to exclude," Working Papers of BETA 2009-15, Bureau d'Economie Théorique et Appliquée, UDS, Strasbourg.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • L86 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Information and Internet Services; Computer Software
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O34 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Intellectual Property and Intellectual Capital

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