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Fédéralisme fiscal dans un modèle de zone monétaire optimale


  • Michel Beine
  • Frédéric Docquier


[fre] Dans cet article, on développe un modèle stochastique d'équilibre général basé sur la théorie des zones monétaires optimales et permettant d'évaluer les effets stabilisateurs et redistributifs du fédéralisme fiscal dans une union monétaire. Plusieurs modes d'attribution des transferts sont envisagés. On dégage que les méthodes basées sur le revenu stabilisent le niveau d'activité, alors que les règles basées sur le chômage sont généralement déstabilisatrices. On propose toutefois un aménagement de ces dernières qui induit une stabilisation du revenu et minimise les effets redistributifs non désirés. [eng] Fiscal federalism and european stabilization. . The future European Union shed light on fiscal policies. We study in this article the ability of fiscal federalism to stabilize macroeconomic fluctuations. More particularly, we evaluate the stabilizing effects of automatic stabilizers and direct transfers at the federal budget level. This evaluation takes place in an intertemporal stochastic two-country model with incomplete markets. It appears that there exists a direct transfers rule between national and federal governments which allows households to share the risk implied by relative demand shocks. This result lies on the fact that households do not take into account this rule in their private decisions.

Suggested Citation

  • Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier, 1997. "Fédéralisme fiscal dans un modèle de zone monétaire optimale," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 48(3), pages 519-527.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1997_num_48_3_409892
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1997.409892

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Tamim Bayoumi, 1994. "A Formal Model of Optimum Currency Areas," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 41(4), pages 537-554, December.
    2. von Hagen, Jurgen & Hammond, George W, 1998. "Regional Insurance against Asymmetric Shocks: An Empirical Study for the European Community," The Manchester School of Economic & Social Studies, University of Manchester, vol. 66(3), pages 331-353, June.
    3. Pierre-Alain Muet, 1995. "Union monétaire et fédéralisme," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 55(1), pages 151-170.
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    Cited by:

    1. BARBIER-GAUCHARD Amélie, 2005. "Fiscal federalism, discipline and selection adverse in the EU : Lessons from a theoretical model," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 28(7), pages 1.

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