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Le projet physiocratique : théorie de la propriété et lien social

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  • Philippe Steiner

Abstract

[eng] The physiocratic project : theory of property and social link. . This paper gives an interpretation of the physiocratic project. This project tries to link together the economical and the political spheres by means of a theory of property. First, we analyse, through the works of F. Quesnay, the making of this economie theory of property grounded on the study of the social relationships in agriculture, on the market relationships and on the fiscal System. With this last item we reach the political aspect of the project. F. Quesnay proposes the property as the social link fitted to unify the different parts of the Ancien Regime. Finally, we outline briefly the disintegration of this project during the revolutionary period. [fre] Le projet physiocratique : théorie de la propriété et lien social. . Cet article propose une interprétation du projet original de la physiocratie. Ce projet tient à la fois de l'économie et de la politique, et la théorie de la propriété forme le ciment unissant ces deux domaines. Dans un premier temps, nous expliquons comment se constitue, avec F. Quesnay, une théorie économique de la propriété basée sur une analyse des rapports de production, des rapports marchands et de la fiscalité. Ce dernier point amène F. Quesnay à une analyse socio-politique d'où il ressort une tentative d'unification des différentes composantes de la société d'ancien régime autour de ce concept économique de propriété. Enfin, nous esquissons rapidement les raisons pour lesquelles un tel projet n'eut pas de suite lors de la période révolutionnaire.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Steiner, 1987. "Le projet physiocratique : théorie de la propriété et lien social," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 38(6), pages 1111-1128.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1987_num_38_6_409027
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1987.409027
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gianni Vaggi, 1985. "The Role of Profits in Physiocratic Economics," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 17(3), pages 367-384, Fall.
    2. Warren J. Samuels, 1961. "The Physiocratic Theory of Property and State," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(1), pages 96-111.
    3. Gilbert Faccarello, 1984. "Quelques réflexions sur l'équilibre économique chez P. de Boisguilbert," Post-Print halshs-00743023, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. José M. Menudo & José Mª O’kean, 2006. "The French Tradition. An alternative theoretical framework," Working Papers 06.24, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Economics.
    2. Orsi, Fabienne, 2013. "Elinor Ostrom et les faisceaux de droits : l’ouverture d’un nouvel espace pour penser la propriété commune," Revue de la Régulation - Capitalisme, institutions, pouvoirs, Association Recherche et Régulation, vol. 14.
    3. Marianne Fischman, 1998. "Le concept quesnayen d'ordre naturel," Cahiers d'Économie Politique, Programme National Persée, vol. 32(1), pages 67-97.

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