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Le paradigme multifonctionnel : outil et arme dans la renégociation de la PAC

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  • Albert Massot-Marti

Abstract

[eng] Multifunctionality: instrument and weapon for the re-negotiation of the CAP - The EU cannot pretend that the CAP already has fully developed the "multifunctional" nature of the European Farming Model. Multifunctionality can thereby be understood as: a) an excuse in favour of greater border protection justified by the specific nature of the agricultural sector (closed mul- tifunctionnality inside the Dependent Agriculture paradigm); b) an argument in favour of greater use of rural developement measures (within the so- called Green Box measures) (rural multifunctionality inside the Competitive paradigm); c) recognition of the links between trade and non economic objectives (Multifunctional Agriculture paradigm strictu sensu). The debate continues in the WTO and in the EU as to which of the three interpretations will prevail during the agricultural trade négociations and the reform process of the CAP. [fre] L'UE ne peut prétendre que la pac ait déjà développé la nature multifonctionnelle du modèle agricole européen. Cette notion de multifunc- tionnalité peut être comprise, comme une excuse pour une plus grande protection des frontières, justifiée par la nature spécifique du secteur agricole (multifonctionnalité fermée au sein du paradigme de l'agriculture dépendante) ; ou comme un argument en faveur d'une plus grande utilisation des mesures de développement rural (mesures de la Boîte Verte) (multifonctionnalité rurale au sein du paradigme de l'agriculture compétitive) ; ou comme une reconnaissance des liens existant entre les objectifs commerciaux et non-économiques (paradigme de l'agriculture multifonctionnelle strictu sensu). Les débats continuent au sein de I'omc et de I'ue quant à savoir laquelle de ces trois interprétations prévaudra pendant les négociations relatives aux échanges agricoles et le processus de réforme de la PAC.

Suggested Citation

  • Albert Massot-Marti, 2003. "Le paradigme multifonctionnel : outil et arme dans la renégociation de la PAC," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 273(1), pages 30-44.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recoru:ecoru_0013-0559_2003_num_273_1_5386
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecoru.2003.5386
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    1. Jacques Berthelot, 2001. "Débat: La mystification du découplage des aides agricoles," Économie rurale, Programme National Persée, vol. 261(1), pages 104-112.
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