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Compétitivité, spécialisation et demande mondiale

Listed author(s):
  • Gérard Lafay
Registered author(s):

    [eng] Competitivity, specialization and world demand -There are several ways of judging the competitivity of an economy: the author has chosen to appraise it by means of the balance of trade. If the different countries' prices are converted into dollars, for instance, taking evidently into account the fluctuations of exchange rates, it is liable to establish that countries whose prices' evolution proves most favourable are not always apt to meet with international competition. Consequently, in order, to evaluate a country's competitivity, it appears most important to consider if it is apt to meet with other economies' requirements. Starting from the classification of 54 commodities according toWorld demand's, importance, Groupe d'études prospectives internationales has elaborated for each of the Western industrialized Countries (grouped into 12 geographic annex countries) a synthetical indicator which characterizes the specialization of the country taken into account in the course of the period extending from 1964 to 1972. During that interval, French economic specialization, contrarily to that of Japan, seems only slightly dynamic and not really incline to meet with international markets requirements. In other respects, a well performed specialization appears as a factor of growth for the country which carries it on. [spa] Competitividad, especialización y demanda mundial - Existen sendos modos de considerar la competitividad de una economía : el autor eligió localizarla por medio de la balanza comercial. Si los precios en los diversos países se convierten en dólares, teniendose en cuenta las variaciones experimentadas por los tipos de cambio, es factible comprobar que no son, por lo general, los países cuya evolución de precios se verificó lo más favorable que mejor compitieron en el mercado internacional. Así pues, para poder apreciar la competitividad de un país es, al parecer, importante considerar si es apto para satisfacer las necesidades y demandas de las demás economías. A partir de la clasificación de 54 productos según intensidad de la demanda mundial, el Groupe d'Etudes prospectives internationales élaboró para cada uno de los paises industrializados occidentales (reagrupados en 12 paises anejos geográficos) un indicador que caracteriza la especialización del país considerado en el transcurso del perîodo que mide entre 1964 y 1972. Durante dicho período, y al contrario de Japon, la especialización de la economía francesa se revela poco dinámica y no muy al tanto de las exigencias del mercado internacional. Por otra parte, una especialización acertada es, al parecer, un factor de crecimiento para el país que la consigue. [fre] II y a bien des façons de juger de la compétitivité d'une économie; l'auteur a choisi de la repérer à l'aide du solde de la balance commerciale. Si on exprime les prix des différents pays dans la même monnaie (dollar) en tenant compte de la variation des taux de change, on constate que ce ne sont pas toujours les pays dont l'évolution des prix a été la plus favorable qui ont le mieux affronté la concurrence internationale. Aussi pour apprécier la compétitivité d'un pays semble-t-il important de considérer son aptitude à répondre aux besoins des autres économies. A partir du classement de 54 produits selon l'intensité de la demande mondiale, le Groupe d'études prospectives internationales a construit pour chacun des pays industrialisés occidentaux (regroupés en 12 pays ou zones géographiques) un indicateur synthétique caractérisant la spécialisation du pays considéré au cours des années 1964-1972. Durant cette période, la spécialisation de l'économie française, contrairement à celle du Japon, apparaît peu dynamique et pas réellement « à l'écoute » du marché international. Par ailleurs une spécialisation réussie semble être un facteur de croissance pour le pays qui la réalise.

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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/doi:10.3406/estat.1976.2356
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    File URL: http://www.persee.fr/doc/estat_0336-1454_1976_num_80_1_2356
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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Economie et statistique.

    Volume (Year): 80 (1976)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 25-36

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:ecstat:estat_0336-1454_1976_num_80_1_2356
    Note: DOI:10.3406/estat.1976.2356
    Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/collection/estat

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